AEPD - PS/00139/2020
|AEPD - PS/00139/2020|
|Relevant Law:||Article 5(1)(a) GDPR|
Article 5(1)(d) GDPR
Article 6(1) GDPR
Article 57(1) GDPR
Article 58(2) GDPR
Article 58(2) GDPR
Article 83(2) GDPR
Article 83(5) GDPR
|National Case Number/Name:||PS/00139/2020|
|European Case Law Identifier:||n/a|
|Original Source:||Agencia Española de Protección de Datos (in ES)|
|Initial Contributor:||Silvia López|
Spanish DPA holds that a company infringed Article 5 GDPR by keeping its ex-husband as the joint account holder of the client, who could have access to all the client's data.
English Summary[edit | edit source]
Facts[edit | edit source]
After making a change of address in her telephone company, in the company's systems it still appeared as joint holder the complainant's ex-husband, who could have access to all her data even if he was no longer joint holder of the account.
Dispute[edit | edit source]
Does the data processer violate the GDPR if it allows a third party access to the data of the current sole holder?
Holding[edit | edit source]
The Spanish DPA imposed a fine of 15,000 euros on the company, which was reduced to 9,000 euros for voluntary payment and acknowledgement of liability (after waiving a further appeal against the DPA's decision).
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English Machine Translation of the Decision[edit | edit source]
The decision below is a machine translation of the Spanish original. Please refer to the Spanish original for more details.
DECISION R/00289/2020 ON TERMINATION OF PROCEEDINGS FOR PAYMENT VOLUNTEER In sanction procedure PS/00139/2020, conducted by the Agency Spanish Data Protection Agency to VODAFONE ESPAÑA, S.A.U., in view of the complaint presented by A.A.A., and based on the following, BACKGROUND FIRST: On June 16, 2020, the Director of the Spanish Data Protection agreed to initiate sanctioning procedure against VODAFONE SPAIN, S.A.U. (hereinafter, the claimed), by means of the Agreement which is transcribed: << Product No.: PS/00139/2020 935-200320 AGREEMENT TO INITIATE DISCIPLINARY PROCEEDINGS Of the actions carried out by the Spanish Agency for the Protection of Data and based on the following: FACTS FIRST: Mrs. A.A.A. (hereinafter, the Claimant) dated March 8, 2019 filed a complaint with the Spanish Data Protection Agency. The complaint is directed against Vodafone España, S.A.U. with NIF A80907397 (hereinafter referred to as the Respondent). C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es 28001 - Madrid sedeagpd.gob.es 2/11 The complainant states that he was the holder of a fixed telephony + fibre + mobile line with Movistar, making the portability with the claimed in various dates. Later, in February 2018, he moved to a new home, and when he a consultation, they tell you that in their systems the services discharged as the title of his ex-spouse. He adds that the invoices issued by the respondent contain his details, but addressed to your ex-spouse. And, among other things, it provides the following documentation: Certified letter sent to the respondent on February 27, 2018. Claim presented at the Respondent's commercial establishment on 10 March 2018. Complaint to the OMIC of the City Council of ***LOCALIDAD.1 on 11 May 2018 and replies from Vodafone on May 17 and July 19 2018. o Invoices dated February 15 and March 1, 2018, showing the data of the claimant, but addressed to his ex-spouse. o Invoice dated 1 March 2018, containing your details and addressed to her. SECOND: In view of the facts denounced in the complaint and the documents provided by the complainant, the Subdirectorate General for the Inspection of Data proceeded to the realization of previous research actions for the clarification of the facts in question under the powers of investigation granted to the inspection authorities in Article 57(1) of the Regulation (EU) 2016/679 (General Data Protection Regulations, hereinafter referred to as GPRD), and in accordance with the provisions of Title VII, Chapter I, Section Two of the Act Organic 3/2018 of 5 December on the Protection of Personal Data and Guarantee of digital rights (hereinafter LOPDGDD). As a result of the investigation carried out, it was found that that the person responsible for the processing is the one who is being claimed. The following points are also noted: C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es 28001 - Madrid sedeagpd.gob.es 3/11 On 9 October 2019, the respondent states the following: 1. The claimant was the holder of a contract with Movistar of which he made portability to the claimant and later made a change of address. 2. That the services provided by the claimant were associated, in their systems, to her ex-spouse, for as she herself states in her claim, was the former marital home so his ex-spouse appeared as the holder of the contracted services 3. In addition, they verified that there were two headlines linked to the ID ***Therefore, they made a correction to the data in their so that in this ID the claimant's contact currently appears as and the contact your ex-spouse is listed as "Former Holder". In short, it appears to be offline in their systems which means that it cannot access any of the data associated with the current owner. 4. They provide a copy of a letter addressed to the complainant on 8 October 2019, in the which state that they have proceeded to unlink the data of the other holder who was associated with the contracted services so it currently appears unlinked so that you can no longer access the information associated with the services contracted by the claimant. LEGAL GROUNDS I By virtue of the powers conferred on each individual by Article 58(2) of the GPRS, the authority, and as established in articles 47 and 48.1 of the LOPDPGDD, the The Director of the Spanish Data Protection Agency is competent to resolve this procedure. II Article 6.1 of the RGPD, establishes the cases that allow to consider The processing of personal data is lawful. C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es 28001 - Madrid sedeagpd.gob.es 4/11 Article 5 of the RGPD states that personal data shall be: "(a) processed in a lawful, fair and transparent manner in relation to the data subject ("legality, loyalty and transparency"); (b) collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not treated subsequently in a manner incompatible with those purposes; in accordance with Article 89, paragraph 1, the further processing of personal data for archiving purposes in public interest, scientific and historical research or statistical purposes are not shall be deemed to be incompatible with the initial purposes ("purpose limitation"); (c) adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for those who are treated ("data minimization"); (d) accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date; all measures to delete or rectify without delay personal data that are inaccurate with respect to the purposes for which they are intended ("accuracy"); (e) maintained in such a way as to permit identification of the persons concerned for no longer than is necessary for the purposes of the processing personal; personal data may be kept for longer periods provided that they are processed exclusively for archiving purposes in the public interest, for scientific or historical research or statistical purposes, in accordance with Article 89(1), without prejudice to the implementation of technical and organisational measures This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States. freedoms of the data subject ("limitation of the retention period"); (f) processed in such a way as to ensure appropriate security for the personal data, including protection against unauthorised or unlawful processing and against their accidental loss, destruction or damage, by the application of measures appropriate techniques or organisational arrangements ("integrity and confidentiality"). The controller shall be responsible for compliance with the provided for in paragraph 1 and capable of demonstrating it ("proactive responsibility"). III In accordance with the evidence available here at the time, and without prejudice to the outcome of the investigation, it is considered to be proven that in the respondent's systems, another person was listed as the holder of the contracted services headline. It should be noted that the defendant acknowledges this error, stating that two headlines linked to the ID ***ID.1 appeared. correction of data in their systems. Ultimately, a third party could access the claimant's data, i.e. had access to the information associated with the services contracted by the claimant and which is in violation of Article 5(1)(d) of the GPRS, in relation to Article 4(1) of the LOPDGDD, which governs the principle of accuracy of personal data. IV Article 72.1.a) of the LOPDGDD states that "in accordance with the provisions Article 83(5) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 are considered very serious and The statute of limitations for offences involving a substantial breach shall be three years of the articles mentioned in that one and, in particular, the following ones: a) The processing of personal data in violation of the principles and guarantees laid down in Article 5 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 V Article 58(2) of the GPRS provides: "Each inspecting authority shall have all the following corrective powers as set out below: C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es 28001 - Madrid sedeagpd.gob.es 6/11 (b) sanction any person responsible for or in charge of the processing with warning where processing operations have infringed the provisions of this Regulation; (d) instruct the controller or processor to ensure that processing operations treatment are in accordance with the provisions of this Regulation, where applicable, in a certain way and within a specified time frame; (i) impose an administrative fine pursuant to Article 83, in addition to or in place of the measures referred to in this paragraph, depending on the circumstances of each individual case; VI This offence is punishable by a fine of up to EUR 20 000 000 or, in the case of an undertaking, an amount equivalent to a maximum of 4% of total annual turnover for the previous financial year, opting for the in accordance with article 83.5 of the RGPD. Likewise, it is considered that the sanction to be imposed should be graduated according to with the following criteria established by Article 83.2 of the RGPD: The following are aggravating factors: In the present case we are dealing with unintentional but significant negligent action (article 83.2 b) Basic personal identifiers are affected, according to 83.2g) C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es 28001 - Madrid sedeagpd.gob.es 7/11 Therefore, on the basis of the above, By the Director of the Spanish Data Protection Agency, AGREED: 1. START PENALTY PROCEDURE against VODAFONE ESPAÑA, S.A.U. with NIF A80907397, for the alleged infringement of Article 5.1.d) of the RGPD as defined in article 83.5.a) of the aforementioned RGPD. To appoint Mr. B.B.B. as instructor and Ms. C.C.C. as secretary, indicating that either of them may be challenged, if appropriate, in accordance with the established in Articles 23 and 24 of Law 40/2015, of 1 October, on the Legal Regime of the Public Sector (LRJSP). 2. INCORPORATE into the sanctioning file, for evidential purposes, the claim filed by the claimant and its attached documentation, the requirement information that the Subdirectorate General for Data Inspection sent to the entity claimed in the preliminary investigation phase and their respective accusation of receipt. 3. THAT for the purposes of Article 64.2 b) of Law 39/2015, of 1 October, on the Common Administrative Procedure of Public Administrations the sanction that could correspond would be 15,000 euros (fifteen thousand euros), without prejudice to the outcome of the investigation. 4. NOTIFY this agreement to VODAFONE ESPAÑA, S.A.U. with NIF A80907397, giving you a hearing period of ten working days to make the allegations and submit the evidence he deems appropriate. In your pleading, you must provide your VAT number and the procedure number in the heading of this document. C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es 28001 - Madrid sedeagpd.gob.es 8/11 If you do not make representations to this initiating agreement within the stipulated time, the may be considered as a motion for resolution, as set out in the Article 64.2.f) of Law 39/2015 of 1 October on Administrative Procedure Commonwealth of Independent States (hereinafter LPACAP). In accordance with Article 85 of the LPACAP, in the case of that the sanction to be imposed was a fine, may acknowledge its responsibility within of the time allowed for the submission of claims under this agreement to commence; the which will be accompanied by a 20% reduction in the penalty to be imposed in the present procedure. With the application of this reduction, the sanction would be 12,000, with the procedure being resolved by the imposition of this sanction. Similarly, at any time prior to the resolution of the The Commission shall, in accordance with this procedure, carry out the voluntary payment of the proposed penalty which will result in a 20% reduction in its amount. With the application of this reduction, the penalty would be set at 12,000 euros and its payment would involve the termination of the procedure. The reduction for the voluntary payment of the penalty is cumulative with the one The same applies to the recognition of liability, provided that this recognition of responsibility is shown within the time limit granted to make representations on the opening of the proceedings. The payment of the amount referred to in the preceding paragraph may be made at any moment before the resolution. In this case, if it is appropriate to apply both reductions, the amount of the penalty would be set at In any case, the effectiveness of either of the two above-mentioned reductions shall be conditioned upon the waiver or relinquishment of any action or remedy in the administrative sanction against the sanction. If you choose to proceed with the voluntary payment of any of the 12,000 or 9,000 euros, you must do so cash by depositing it in the account nº ES00 0000 0000 0000 0000 opened on behalf of the Spanish Data Protection Agency at CAIXABANK Bank, S.A., indicating in the concept the reference number of the procedure in C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es 28001 - Madrid sedeagpd.gob.es 9/11 the heading of this document and the reason for the reduction in the amount to which welcomes. Likewise, you must send the proof of admission to the Subdirectorate General of Inspection to continue the procedure in accordance with the quantity admitted. The procedure will last a maximum of nine months from the date of the agreement to initiate or, where appropriate, the draft agreement to initiate. After this period, the agreement will expire and, consequently, the actions; in accordance with the provisions of Article 64 of the LOPDGDD. Finally, it is noted that in accordance with the provisions of Article 112.1 of the LPACAP, there is no administrative appeal against this act. SECOND: On June 30, 2020, the claimant paid the 9,000 by making use of the two reductions provided in the above transcribed Inception Agreement, which implies recognition of the responsibility. THIRD: The payment made, within the period granted to make allegations to the opening of the procedure, entails the waiver of any action or appeal in administrative sanctioning and acknowledgement of responsibility in relation to the facts referred to in the Agreement to Initiate. LEGAL GROUNDS I By virtue of the powers conferred on each authority in Article 58(2) of the GPRS, the control, and in accordance with Article 47 of Organic Law 3/2018, of 5 December, Protection of Personal Data and Guarantee of Digital Rights (in (hereinafter LOPDGDD), the Director of the Spanish Data Protection Agency C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es 28001 - Madrid sedeagpd.gob.es 10/11 is competent to penalise infringements committed against it Regulations; infringements of Article 48 of Law 9/2014 of 9 May, General of Telecommunications (hereinafter referred to as LGT), in accordance with the Article 84.3 of the GLT, and the infractions defined in articles 38.3 c), d) and i) and 38.4 d), g) and h) of Law 34/2002, of 11 July, on services of the company of the information and electronic commerce (hereinafter referred to as the ISESA), as provided for in 43.1 of the said Act. II Article 85 of Law 39/2015 of 1 October on Administrative Procedure Commonwealth of Independent States (hereinafter LPACAP), under the heading "Termination in sanctioning proceedings" provides the following: "1. Penalty proceedings are initiated if the offender acknowledges his responsibility, the proceedings may be terminated with the imposition of the penalty as appropriate. 2. Where the penalty is solely pecuniary in nature or where it is impose a financial penalty and a non-pecuniary penalty but has been justified the impropriety of the second, voluntary payment by the alleged perpetrator, in any time before the resolution, will imply the termination of the procedure, except as regards the restoration of the altered situation or the determination of the compensation for damages caused by the commission of the infringement. 3. In both cases, when the penalty is solely of a pecuniary nature, the body competent to decide on the procedure shall apply reductions of, at at least 20 % of the amount of the proposed penalty, which may be cumulated with each other. These reductions shall be determined in the notification of initiation of the procedure and its effectiveness shall be conditional upon the withdrawal or waiver of any action or appeal in administrative proceedings against the sanction. The percentage of reduction provided for in this paragraph may be increased by regulation. In accordance with the above, the Director of the Spanish Data Protection Agency RESOLVES: FIRST: TO DECLARE the termination of procedure PS/00139/2020, of in accordance with Article 85 of the LPACAP. SECOND: TO NOTIFY this resolution to VODAFONE ESPAÑA, S.A.U. In accordance with the provisions of article 50 of the LOPDGDD, this The decision will be made public once it has been notified to the interested parties. Against this resolution, which puts an end to the administrative procedure as prescribed by Article 114(1)(c) of Law 39/2015 of 1 October on Administrative Procedure The interested parties may lodge an appeal with the administrative litigation before the Administrative Chamber of the Audiencia Nacional, in accordance with Article 25 and paragraph 5 of the fourth additional provision of Law 29/1998 of 13 July 1998, regulating the Contentious-Administrative Jurisdiction, within two months of day following notification of this act, as provided for in Article 46(1) of referred to Law. C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es 28001 - Madrid sedeagpd.gob.es 11/11 Mar Spain Marti Director of the Spanish Data Protection Agency