The High Court - CO/2962/2020

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The High Court - CO/2962/2020
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Court: The High Court (United Kingdom)
Jurisdiction: United Kingdom
Relevant Law:
Article 8 ECHR
Section 35 UK DPA
Section 37 UK DPA
Section 39 UK DPA
Decided: 16.07.2020
Published: 24.09.2020
Parties: The Queen on the application of II (by his mother and Litigation Friend, NK), Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis
National Case Number/Name: CO/2962/2020
European Case Law Identifier:
Appeal from:
Appeal to:
Original Language(s): English
Original Source: England and Wales High Court (Administrative Court) Decisions (in English)
Initial Contributor: n/a

The United Kingdom High Court held that the Metropolitan Police unlawfully retained the personal data of a minor in breach of the ECHR and the UK Data Protection Act.

English Summary[edit | edit source]

Facts[edit | edit source]

The Claimant in the case is a 16-year-old boy. In December 2015, when he was 11 years old, an online tutor raised certain concerns about his alleged behaviour with the Department for Education. More specifically, on 22 February 2016, the Department for Education's Due Diligence and Counter Extremism Group raised a concern with Counter Terrorism Command of the Metropolitan Police regarding a "radicalisation risk to a pupil" at a school in East London ("the Claimant's former school"). This was a referral pursuant to the Government's "Prevent Strategy", the aim of which is to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism.

In the briefing note, the boy's tutor raised concerns because of the boy's statements about America being evil, obsession with killing the PM, and liking Game of Thrones because of the beheadings. The risk was assessed as being low, and "no concerns or potential concerns were identified". The authorities further noted that "the concerns expressed by the source appear to be a misunderstanding". Despite deletion requests from the Claimant and his mother, the boy's personal data was still retained on ten databases of the authorities.

Dispute[edit | edit source]

Was the personal data retention by the Metropolitan Police lawful under the ECHR and the 2018 UK Data Protection Act?

Holding[edit | edit source]

The UK High Court held that the continued retention of the Claimant's personal data is in breach of Article 8 of the ECHR, as well as Sections 35 and 39 of the Data Protection Act.

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English Machine Translation of the Decision[edit | edit source]

The decision below is a machine translation of the English original. Please refer to the English original for more details.