AEPD (Spain) - PS/00078/2021

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AEPD (Spain) - PS/00078/2021
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Authority: AEPD (Spain)
Jurisdiction: Spain
Relevant Law: Article 5(1)(c) GDPR
Article 6 GDPR
Article 6(1)(f) GDPR
Ley Orgánica 4/2015 de protección de la seguridad ciudadana.
Type: Complaint
Outcome: Upheld
Started: 08.01.2019
Decided:
Published: 25.02.2022
Fine: 30,000 EUR
Parties: Marins Playa S.A.
National Case Number/Name: PS/00078/2021
European Case Law Identifier: n/a
Appeal: n/a
Original Language(s): Spanish
Original Source: AEPD (in ES)
Initial Contributor: Cesar Manso-Sayao

The Spanish DPA issued a €30,000 fine against a hotel for a violation of Article 6 GDPR by scanning a data subject's passport and processing their photograph without a valid legal basis.

English Summary[edit | edit source]

Facts[edit | edit source]

This case was initiated by a complaint filed with the Dutch DPA (Autoriteit Persoonsgegevens –AP) by a Dutch data subject against Marins Playa S.A., a hotel in Spain.

According to the data subject, when checking-in to the hotel, their passport was scanned as part of its registration process despite their objection. The passport scan included more personal data than what was required for this purpose. The data subject stated that the hotel employee which performed the registration process, claimed that this scan was performed in order to comply with local police force requirements.

The AP remitted this complaint to the Spanish DPA (AEPD), which is the competent lead DPA under Article 56 GDPR, due to the fact that the hotel’s main establishment is in Spain. When remitting their case to the AEPD, the AP asked if indeed national law required the passport scan, or if only some of the data contained in it was necessary for the hotel registration process.

The Spanish DPA initiated proceedings, and asked the hotel to inform them of its processing operations in this case. The hotel stated that the scan is made to generate text information through Optical Character Recognition (OCR), which is then introduced in the relevant fields in their hotel management software. The hotel admitted that there is no specific requirement from the police force to scan the document, only to remit the information in the required fields. Regarding the scanned passport photograph, the hotel explained that it is used to verify the guest’s identity for purchases within the hotel, and avoid fraudulent charges by third parties.

The AEPD initially issued a draft decision dismissing the case, holding that the hotel had a legitimate interest and legal obligation to process the data required. However, the AP objected to the dismissal of the case, pointing out to the AEPD that in order to base this processing on a legitimate interest, the necessity and proportionality of the processing should be evaluated, specifically if there are reasonable and less intrusive ways to verify this information, also taking into consideration the data minimisation principle under Article 5(1)(c) GDPR. The AP mentioned several alternatives which were less intrussive, and standard practices in most hotels, such as security questions and signatures.

Based on these objections by the AP, the AEPD decided to reassess the case. The hotel responded to these points stating that employees which verify the guest’s identity for consumption only have access to their name and photograph on their software, not the actual scanned page of the passport. The hotel now claimed (as the AEPD had initially held in its draft decision) to have a legitimate interest in using the photography for verification purposes in order to prevent fraudulent charges on the guest’s magnetic card.

Holding[edit | edit source]

In their reassessment of the case, the AEPD established that the hotel had proved that the scanning of the passport just captures the required fields using OCR, as well as the photograph, and it does not retain a copy of the passport page itself.

Regarding the data processed through OCR for its guest registration process, the AEPD held that the hotel had a legal basis to process this data under Article 6(1)(b) GDPR for the performance of a contract, and as well as Article 6(1)(c) GDPR to comply with legal obligations for lodging establishments under legal law, which entail the remission of guest information to police databases.

However, the AEPD held that the hotel did not have a legal basis to process the data subject's photography in order to verify the data subject’s identity for purchases in the hotel, highlighting the fact that the hotel’s privacy policy did not mention that the photography would be used for these purposes, nor did it mention that it had a legitimate interest in doing so. According to the AEPD, under Recital 47 GDPR, a legitimate interest to process this data would require pondering the processing activities and its purposes. The AEPD held that there was no proof that the hotel had pondered the necessity and proportionality of those processing activities, and that it had failed to inform the data subjects that legitimate interest was the legal basis for processing their photograph.

The AEPD also highlighted that the data minimisation principle under Article 5(1)(c) GDPR should be observed in these cases, in order to assess that the data subject’s rights or freedoms do not prevail with regard to that legitimate interest. Considering that the data subject was unaware of the purposes or legal basis for this processing, the AEPD held that this processing was excessive, also taking into account the arguments established by the AP regarding less intrusive means to achieve the processing’s purpose.

Based on these considerations, the AEPD issued a €30,000 fine on Marins Playa S.A. hotel for an infringement of Article 6 GDPR by lacking a lawful legal basis for the processing of the data subject’s scanned passport, and ordered them to adopt the necessary measures to ensure their processing activities comply with the GDPR.

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English Machine Translation of the Decision[edit | edit source]

The decision below is a machine translation of the Spanish original. Please refer to the Spanish original for more details.

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     File No.: PS/00078/2021



                RESOLUTION OF PUNISHMENT PROCEDURE


Of the procedure instructed by the Spanish Agency for Data Protection and based on
to the following


                                  BACKGROUND


FIRST: Dated 01/08/2019, through the “Market Information System

Interior” (hereinafter IMI), regulated by Regulation (EU) No. 1024/2012, of the
European Parliament and of the Council, of October 25, 2012 (IMI Regulation), whose
objective is to promote cross-border administrative cooperation, mutual assistance
between the Member States and the exchange of information, was received in this
Spanish Agency for Data Protection (AEPD) a claim made by
A.A.A. (hereinafter the claimant), a Dutch citizen, before the authority of

Netherlands data protection (Autoriteit Persoonsgegevens -AP). The transfer of
This claim to the AEPD is made in accordance with the provisions of article
56 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679, of the European Parliament and of the Council, of
04/27/2016, regarding the Protection of Natural Persons with regard to the
Processing of Personal Data and the Free Circulation of these Data (as

successive General Data Protection Regulation or RGPD), taking into account
its cross-border nature and that this Agency is competent to act as
main controlling authority.

The aforementioned claim is made against the entity MARINS PLAYA, S.A. (in

hereinafter MARINS PLAYA or claimed entity), with registered office in Spain, for the
following reasons:

The claimant indicates that in the hotel registration process they asked for his passport,
which was digitally scanned, despite his opposition. The client objects to
said document was completely scanned, alleging that not all the data

included in it are necessary, to which the hotel employee replied that
said scanning was carried out following instructions from the police. On the other hand,
He claims to have seen the hotel employees with the passport photo on their tablets.

In relation to the issue raised by the complainant, the referring authority

He asked if the Spanish law really obliges to scan the passport completely or
only some information is necessary to complete the registration process.

According to the information included in the IMI System, in accordance with the
established in article 60 of the RGPD, have declared themselves interested in this

procedure the supervisory authority that has communicated the case (the Netherlands).

SECOND: In view of the exposed facts, the Subdirectorate General of Inspection
of Data proceeded to carry out actions for its clarification, under the protection of the

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investigative powers granted to the control authorities in article 57.1 of the
GDPR. Within the framework of these actions, a request was addressed to the entity
claimed, which reported the following:

1. Upon check-in, the client's passport is scanned in order to

to pass the image to text for the incorporation of the fields corresponding to the
hotel management program
2. Only the page on which the ID is found is scanned.
client: the identification data of the traveler, including the number,
type and date of issue of the identity document presented, name and
surnames, sex, date and country of birth, as well as photography.

3. There are no specific instructions from the Security Forces and Bodies of the
State on the copying of the aforementioned document, except those related to the telematic delivery
of the information.
4. The information is also used, accounting, to generate the
corresponding invoices; can only be accessed by administrative staff

accounting.
5. When the client registers, he is provided with a magnetic card that
allows, in addition to access to the room, the payment of consumption charged to your
account to be paid at the end of your stay; at the time of consumption, the
customer provides this card to the employee, who, by swiping it to make the charge, can
check passport photo. This is to verify the identity of the

customer, in order to prevent fraudulent use of the card by third parties and prevent
cause serious economic damage to the customer. You can only see the photo
employee who collects, on the POS tablet.
6. The applicable regulations for the identification of clients in the registration process
or registration in the hotel is the Organic Law 4/2015, of March 30, on the protection of
citizen security and Order INT/1922/2003 of July 3.


THIRD: After reviewing the answers obtained during the previous phase of
investigation, outlined in the previous Fact, this Agency considered that the
processing of personal data object of the claim is legitimized by
article 6.1.c) of the RGPD and is proportionate and necessary in accordance with the
established in article 24 of the aforementioned Organic Law 4/2015, which provides in its

First section: “The natural or legal persons who carry out relevant activities
for citizen security, such as lodging… will be subject to the
obligations of documentary registration and information in the terms established by the
applicable provisions”. And that is detailed in the aforementioned Order (Order
INT/1922/2003 of July 3).


On the other hand, it was taken into account that the facts denounced were not verified.
referred to the scanning of all the pages of the passport.

Second, it was concluded that the processing of personal data consisting of
the use of the photograph obtained from the passport in order to verify identity

of the client in the consumptions that he makes, when making charges in the account of a
room, and prevent fraudulent use of the hotel card by third parties
other than the user of the service, is legitimized in article 6.1.f) of the RGPD, since
there is a legitimate interest on the part of the hotel in charging the true user of the service
and for the customer, since the cards are prevented from being used fraudulently and

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charge the account of a client the consumption made by others.


Consequently, having clarified the doubts raised, it was considered that there were no
indications of infraction, for which, on 09/28/2020, a Project of
File resolution of the claim (Draft decision).

FOURTH: On 11/10/2020, the Draft Decision was incorporated into the IMI System

so that the interested authorities could express themselves in this regard.

At the end of the established period, the
Dutch data protection authority (Autoriteit Persoonsgegevens - AP).


Regarding the facts, said supervisory authority warns that the claimant
stated that the hotel staff had on their device the complete copy of
your passport (first page), including your photo, and that this differs slightly from what
indicated in the Draft Decision, although it does not change the evaluation carried out on
the same.


The AP admits that the processing of personal data collected in the passport
(number, type and date of issue of the identity document presented, name and
surnames, sex and the date and country of birth, as well as the photograph) is necessary
for compliance with national legislation and, therefore, lawful in accordance with the

article 6.1.c) of the RGPD, but questions the processing of said personal data in
under the provisions of article 6.1.f) of the same RGPD, due to the existence of a
legitimate interest of the responsible hotel in avoiding the fraudulent use of the card that
provides to customers, which is used to make consumption in the facilities and
also as a room key; and also of the client, since it prevents the

cards are used fraudulently and you are charged for consumption made by others.

Regarding this processing of personal data based on legitimate interest, the
AP to the requirement of necessity, which requires assessing proportionality and subsidiarity
of the treatment, verifying that such interests cannot be reasonably achieved

effectively by other means less restrictive of the rights and freedoms
of the interested parties, in particular the rights to respect for life
privacy and the protection of personal data guaranteed by articles 7 and 8
of the letter. And it adds that the Court of Justice of the European Union declared, in addition,
that the requirement relating to the need for treatment should be examined,

together, with the principle of "minimization of data" enshrined in article
5.1.c) of the GDPR.

In this case, the AP notes, there are other, less intrusive ways to check if the
magnetic card holder is the legitimate card holder at the time of payment

and, thus, prevent said cards from being used fraudulently.

As an example of these less intrusive actions, it indicates the possibility that the
employee of the hotel, when some consumption occurs, consult some data of
control the customer, such as last name or room number, to verify if it matches

with the legitimate cardholder; or require the signing of a receipt for consumption, which
it also acts as a barrier for third parties. In case of loss of the card, it
can be blocked to prevent fraudulent use

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The combination of the above scenarios requires a minimum amount of
additional data processing, is less intrusive, and conforms to the principle of

data minimization. Even so, they make it possible to achieve the interests pursued with
common practices in most hotels.

Against this, the additional efficiency provided by the use of the personal data of the
passport to prevent fraud does not overcome the invasion of data protection.


You understand that this data may be used for identity fraud in the event of a
data breach or abuse by hotel employees who have access to
the same, so that their use is not considered proportionate to avoid possible
fraud in the payment of hotel services.


According to the AP, the treatment of all this data is contrary to the principle of
data minimization in accordance with article 5.1.c. of the RGPD, since the
treatment of only a name and room number is sufficient to minimize
fraud effectively. Also, some of the data categories above
mentioned may be considered special categories of personal data of
in accordance with article 9 of the RGPD, without any application

of the exceptions of article 9.2 of the RGPD.

In short, the AP does not share that the use of passport data is allowed
under article 6.1.f of the RGPD in the indicated circumstances. This could
lead to the use of passport data by many hotels and service providers

similar, to a broader use that could give rise to identity fraud in
cases of data breaches or abuse by hotel employees who
have access to them, so that, given the risk to freedoms and
expressed rights, does not consider its use proportionate to avoid possible fraud
in the payment of hotel services.


If a hotel wants to process passport data for identity verification purposes
of clients during their stay, adds the AP, the hotel must invoke another reason for the
article 6 of the RGPD, such as consent, or return to the most common practice, such as
has been described above.


FIFTH: On 05/11/2021, by the General Subdirectorate for Data Inspection
You can access the information available on the MARINS PLAYA entity in “Axesor”.
(...). The aforementioned entity is registered in the economic activity code
corresponding to "Hotels and similar accommodation".


(...).

SIXTH: On 06/03/2021, in accordance with the provisions of article 64 of
the LOPDGDD, sections 2 (third paragraph) and 3, draft agreement to start
sanctioning procedure, motivated by the claim received through the

IMI system that is outlined in the First Precedent. This project takes
consideration the objections outlined in the Fourth Precedent (draft of
revised decision).


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Following the procedure established in article 60 of the RGPD, dated
06/25/2021, the aforementioned project to open the sanctioning procedure was
transmitted via the IMI System to the supervisory authority concerned, making it

know that if no objections are raised within two weeks
from the consultation, the mandatory agreement to open the procedure would be adopted
sanctioning

The control authority concerned did not raise any objection to the draft agreement
of opening of sanctioning procedure adopted by the AEPD, understanding, by

So much so that there is agreement on it.

In accordance with the provisions of article 64 of the LOPDGDD, the draft
agreement to initiate the aforementioned sanctioning procedure was notified to the entity
claimed.


SEVENTH: On 06/15/2021, this Agency received a brief presented by the
claimed entity in which it requests the file of the actions in accordance with the
following considerations:

1. Describes the procedure followed in the processing of personal data of

a client from his arrival at the hotel, indicating that the documentation is requested
proof of the identity of all people over 16 years of age who are staying
at your facility, which undergoes a scanning process for the process of
registry, which completes the data collection form without saving in the systems
computers the image of the document.


It is an optical character recognition known by the acronym OCR
(“Optical Character Recognition”), which enables the digitization of texts (the process
automatically identifies the characters of a certain alphabet and stores them
in data form). According to the claim, this process only applies to the page of the

document in which the traveler is identified, collecting personal data relating to
the number, type and date of issue of the document in question (DNI, passport,
driving license, residence permit or identity card), name, surname,
gender, date and country of birth, as well as the photograph. Next, collect the
traveler's signature in digital format, through a Tablet, in which information is given about the
personal data protection regulations; and a card is provided

access to the rooms, also used for the use of hotel services.

The data is processed by the administration and services staff (bar and
dining room) for the payment of consumption. In addition, they are referred to the Forces and
State Security Bodies, in compliance with security regulations

citizen.

2. He denies that the hotel staff had on his device the complete copy of
the first page of the claimant's passport, since the only data that appears
in the devices used by bar and dining room staff with access to POS are

the room number, date of departure, name and surname of the traveler, photograph and
accommodation regime, necessary to carry out the maintenance, development and
negotiation control, legitimizer of the treatment. In this regard, it highlights that, of the
data available on those devices, only the name, surnames and photograph

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are taken from check-in).

3. Taking into account the data used to control consumption and

avoid the fraudulent use of the facilities, does not understand the claim that is
questions the legitimate interest, especially when the Agency itself admits the
treatment of personal data collected in the passport for the fulfillment of
national legislation, considering it lawful in accordance with article 6.1.c) of the
GDPR.


On the least intrusive ways to identify the client referred to in the
opening agreement, points out that verbally requesting the room number or the
surname is insufficient and does not prevent another person from hearing these data and
using them; the same as the signing of a receipt, which the employee could not check.
It adds that for these reasons photography was included in the digital systems of the

bar and dining room staff, as a means of authentication, even when the customer is not
is in possession of the card due to forgetfulness, loss or theft.

Regarding the risks in case of a possible data breach, it warns that it has
implemented the mechanisms established in the RGPD and that the employees have
signed a confidentiality agreement.


4. The claimed party does not treat special categories of personal data in any
moment. On this matter, he states that the client's image is only a
photograph from which biometric templates are not extracted or used to
facial recognition or other specific means. Therefore, in his opinion, the treatment

he makes of obtaining the photograph he takes does not fit the concept of
treatment of special categories of data (Considering 51 and article 4.15 of the
GDPR).

Consequently, the claimed entity concludes that the processing of the data

used to authenticate the identity of the person making an expense does not violate the
provided in article 6.1.f) of the RGPD, as it is necessary for the satisfaction of
legitimate interests pursued by the data controller (avoid damages and
lawsuits for improper charges), as well as the interested party (avoid improper charges).

Provides a photograph in which you can see the detail of the information available in

the devices of the hotel staff on a specific person: in the section
“Reservation data” includes the room number, reservation number, number
of people and date of departure; in the section “Components of the reservation” it is indicated
the name and surname of the person, status, type of VIP and number of visits, in addition
of the client's photograph.


EIGHTH: On 07/19/2021, the Director of the Spanish Protection Agency
of Data agreed to initiate sanctioning proceedings against the entity MARINS PLAYA, with
in accordance with the provisions of articles 63 and 64 of Law 39/2015, of October 1, of the
Common Administrative Procedure of Public Administrations (hereinafter,

LPACAP), for the alleged infringement of article 6 of the RGPD, typified in article
83.5.a) of the same Regulation, and classified as very serious for prescription purposes
in article 72.1.b) of the LOPDGDD; determining that the sanction that could
correspond, considering the evidence existing at the time of opening and

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without prejudice to what results from the instruction, it would amount to a total of 30,000 euros

(thirty thousand euros).

In the same agreement to open the procedure, it was noted that the infringement
charged, if confirmed, may lead to the imposition of measures, in accordance with

the provisions of the aforementioned article 58.2 d) of the RGPD.

NINTH: Having been notified of the aforementioned initiation agreement, the respondent submitted a written
dated 07/22/2021, in which it again requests the file of the procedure

sanctioning

In this new letter, he literally reproduces his previous allegations, which include
outlined in the Seventh Antecedent. It only adds that Recital 47 of the
RGPD admits the processing of personal data necessary for the prevention of

fraud based on the legitimate interest of the person in charge and that is considered fraud a
economic deception carried out with the intention of making a profit, and with the
which someone is harmed.


TENTH: On 08/24/2021, the instructor of the procedure agreed to open
a period of practice of evidence, considering reproduced for evidentiary purposes
the claim filed, the documents obtained and generated by the Subdirectorate
General Data Inspection and Inspection Services, and the Report of

Previous Inspection Actions that are part of file E/01088/2019; and
for submitting the allegations made by MARINS PLAYA and the documentation
that accompanies them.

Likewise, it was agreed to require the entity the entity claimed to provide the

following information and/or documentation:

“a) Copy of the record of all the activities of treatment of personal data of clients
carried out under the responsibility of MARINS PLAYA. This register, to which the
Article 30 of the RGPD, must be provided in its initial version, together with any additions,
modification or exclusion in the content of the same.


b) If you have them, a copy of the assessment(s) of the impact on data protection
related to any type of personal data processing operations of
clients made under the responsibility of MARINS PLAYA that involve a high risk
for the rights and freedoms of natural persons.

The initial version of this/these impact assessment(s) must be provided and, if applicable, the details
of the modifications or updates that may have been made.


Likewise, if there has been a change in the risk represented by the operations of
treatment and if deemed necessary, you must provide the result of the examination that
MARINS PLAYA has been able to carry out to determine if the treatment is in accordance with the
impact assessment related to data protection (article 35.11 of the RGPD).

c) Copy of the documents in which the evaluation carried out on the prevalence or not
of the interests and fundamental rights of customers against the interests of MARINS
PLAYA, in relation to customer personal data processing operations

carried out under the responsibility of MARINS PLAYA with which satisfaction is intended
of legitimate interests pursued by the MARINS PLAYA entity itself or by a third party.

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d) Copy of the information on data protection (privacy policy) provided
through any channel to the clients of that entity, in its current version and versions

previous ones in force as of 05/25/2018, where appropriate, with an indication of the period of validity
of each version.

If there were addenda or variations, or other privacy notices or additional information,
regarding the processing of personal data, a copy of all documents is requested
employees to report on the protection of personal data other than the privacy policy
Privacy.


e) Detail of the channels and procedures enabled to make known to its clients all the
information regarding the protection of personal data (privacy policy or any
another document).

f) Information regarding the channels, mechanisms and methodology used by that entity to
obtain the acceptance by its clients of the privacy policy or any other
document used by that entity to report on data protection
personal; as well as for the provision of the consents provided for in such documents,

in your case.

g) Screen prints corresponding to all the information that is registered in your
information system related to the claimant in the sanctioning file of reference.

h) Details of the computer program used by that entity to collect the data
of customers by scanning documents and converting them to text”.


In response to this request, this Agency received a letter from the respondent
accompanied by the documentation indicated below. In this writing, said
entity stated that it could not provide the impressions of the bar and dining room tablets
with the claimant information available on these devices because

This information is deleted at the time the client checks out, nor the
Wi-Fi accesses, where appropriate, which are deleted after twelve months (Law 25/2007).

From the content of the documentation provided, the following should be noted:


1. Registration of customer personal data processing activities.

. Purpose: accounting, fiscal and administrative management;
. Category of interested parties: clients and users;

. Types of data: DNI or NIF, name and surnames, postal or electronic address,
telephone, image and manual signature;
. Other types of data: personal characteristics, social circumstances, information
commercial, transactions of goods and services;

. Transfers: Security Forces and Bodies.
. Access to equipment: it is accessed through a personalized username and password.

2. Risk analysis on the treatment of personal data of clients.


After analyzing the data structure, regulatory compliance, the organization
and resources, as well as security by design and by default, it is concluded that "there is no
there are risks in the resources used”.


3. Information on data protection (privacy policy) provided to
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through the website of the claimed entity.

a) Provide a copy of the "Registration Sheet", which includes a section on the

establishment and another to the "traveler data" (identity document number,
type of document and date of issue, name, surname, gender, date of
birth, country of nationality, date of entry and traveler's signature). This sheet"
includes an informative legend on the protection of personal data that
details, among other aspects, the identity of the person in charge, the purpose for which
the data will be processed, the non-existence of data communications except for

legal obligation, the rights of the interested party, mode of exercise and possibility of
file a claim with the AEPD.

An update of this "Registration Sheet" (2019) is attached, which contains a
new informative clause. This information is provided on the collection and treatment of

data for the purpose of prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of
criminal offenses under the Organic Law 4/2015, of March 30, of
Protection of Citizen Security; that the data will be kept for three
years and will be available to the Security Forces and bodies; rights of the
interested parties and how to exercise them and the possibility of claiming before the AEPD.


On the other hand, the claimed entity provides a copy of the data protection policy
available on their website. It is distributed in two parts, which it calls “Policy of
Privacy” and “Second layer clauses” (this last part is divided into
epigraphs: reservation client file, invoices/accounting, newsletter, web users,
employees, etc).


The “Privacy Policy” section refers to the personal data collected from
clients “in order to provide them with the contracted services consisting of the
reservation of accommodation in hotel establishments”.


In the information of "Second layer", epigraph "Client reservation file" it is reported
that the defendant processes the information that customers provide "in order to provide them with
the service and sell the requested products, make the billing of the same and
manage the sending of information and commercial prospecting”.

In this information, nothing is indicated about the use of the client's photograph to

consumption control and avoid fraudulent use of the facilities.

4. Screen printout corresponding to the registered information regarding the
claimant (data during check-in). It is presented with the label “Loading data from
the client file”, and includes fields related to name and surname, number of

document and date of issue, nationality, date of birth, last visits and
Photography. According to this information, the entry into the claimant's hotel took place in
date 08/27/2018.

5. Details of the computer program (***PROGRAMA.1”) used to take

of customer data by scanning documents and converting them to text,
provided by the software developer company:

“Customer data capture procedure by scanning documents.
At the time of entering the hotel, the client is asked for their DNI/PASSPORT to make
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scanning that document. In this scan and through an OCR process (of the
company…) the data is captured and integrated into the database as it is necessary
to complete 2 essential documents in the normal operation of the hotel:


1. Fill in the passenger entry part. The collection and processing of these data will be done
in accordance with Regulation (EU) 2016/679, of April 27 (GDPR) and Organic Law 3/2018, of 5
of December (LOPDGDD), for the purpose of prevention, investigation, detection or
prosecution of criminal offenses, and under the Organic Law 4/2015, of 30
March, Protection of Citizen Security, article 25.1.
2. Issuance of billing for expenses incurred at the hotel.

The image with the client's photo is captured and saved to secure the credit process to
customers in the different departments as it makes it easier for the hotel staff to identify the

customer who is using the credit or room card. Likewise, it allows
identify said client by the hotel staff when controlling access to the
establishment".

ELEVENTH: On 11/29/2021, a resolution proposal was formulated in the

following sense:

1. That the Director of the Spanish Data Protection Agency sanction
the entity MARINS PLAYA, for an infringement of Article 6 of the RGPD, typified in the
Article 83.5.a) of the RGPD and classified as very serious for the purposes of prescription in the

article 72.1.b) of the LOPDGDD, with a fine of 30,000 euros (thirty thousand euros).

2. That the Director of the Spanish Agency for Data Protection imposes
the entity MARINS PLAYA, S.A., within the period determined, the adoption of the
necessary measures to adapt their actions to data protection regulations

personal, with the scope expressed in the Legal Basis VI of the aforementioned
resolution proposal.

TWELFTH: Notification of the aforementioned resolution proposal, dated

12/15/2021 a letter is received from the entity claimed in which it reiterates its request for
archive of the procedure, basing its request on the following allegations:

1. The claimant, during the registration process at the hotel establishment, who
took place on 08/27/2018, three months after the entry into force of the RGPD, facilitated

your passport without showing any opposition. At that time he was informed about the
extremes imposed by the RGPD through an informative document written in
Spanish and had at its disposal a "display" with an informative clause regarding the
data processing carried out. Currently, this information is provided in

the most frequent languages among the entity's clients.

2. Recital 47 of the RGPD expressly states that the treatment of
personal data strictly necessary for the prevention of fraud constitutes
also a legitimate interest of the controller, which operates "ex lege"

when the treatment obeys this purpose and the parameters that must be
be taken into account to carry out the weighting, such as whether the interested party is
client or is at the service, the performance of a prior analysis and that the treatments do not
occur in circumstances in which the interested party does not expect that a
further treatment (the data subject's perspective).


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In this case, the first aspect is given; the second was the object of analysis when
implemented the technological solution for check-in, concluding the need for

inform, limit access to the image exclusively to payment operators for
consumption and keep the data only during the client's stay; Besides, the
identification by image has been favorably valued by customers, as they have
avoided erroneous charges, especially when “all-in” stays are offered.

included".

3. There are no alternatives that offer the same guarantee minimizing the treatment of the
personal information.


Reiterates that the proposals of the Dutch data protection authority
about other less intrusive practices, such as consulting the interested party of some
data (surname or room number) or the signature of a receipt, are not effective or
involve the processing of other data, such as the signature, which are not less demanding

of protection.

4. The image of the client is only displayed by the personnel that attends the payments by
consumption, who sign a confidentiality document, no other
treatment of said image and is eliminated at the end of the client's stay.


5. The arguments upheld by the respondent is the one upheld by the Agency itself
when it initially considered that there were no indications of infringement.



With its brief of allegations, MARINS PLAYA provides a copy of the document
information to which he refers in his allegations. This document explains the
check-in process and treatment of the image of the identification document
using a character recognition program. In relation to photography

the following is indicated:

"Likewise, the photo that appears in the passport or DNI that you have provided for check-in
will be registered in the hotel management system of the destination hotel. The purpose is to allow the
hotel staff identify you as a guest and control the charge for consumption
that you make during your stay in your room. This photo will be deleted at the time of
check out.


This treatment is based on our legitimate interest in identifying hosted customers
for security and charge control purposes. For the weighting of this interest with respect to
your rights and freedoms it has been determined that the treatment had a limited impact on your
privacy, because:
- There is a contractual relationship and the treatment is carried out in connection with said relationship;
- This security measure benefits the customers themselves by guaranteeing the correct imputation
of the charges to your room and avoid possible impersonations;
- Access to your image is restricted to hotel staff;
- The term of conservation of your image is limited to the time of your stay”.



Of the actions carried out in this procedure and the documentation
in the file, the following have been accredited:



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                                 PROVEN FACTS



1. The entity MARINS PLAYA is dedicated to the provision of hotel services and
of similar accommodation.

2. For customer registration (check-in), at the time of their arrival at the
hotel, requests identification documentation and submits it to a scanning process
that enables the digitization of texts (the process automatically identifies the

characters of a given alphabet and stores them as data), by
an optical character recognition (OCR) computer program. This process
converts the image into text and incorporates the data into the hotel management program,
filling in the "customer file" or "traveler entry part", with fields
regarding the number, type and date of issue of the identity document presented,

name and surname, sex, date and country of birth. This process applied by
The claimed entity also incorporates the client's photograph into its database.

At this time, the customer is provided with a magnetic card that can be used both
for access to the room and to make use of the hotel services.


3. The data collected from the client by MARINS PLAYA is processed by the staff of
administration and services (bar and dining room); and are sent to the Forces and Bodies
of State Security, in compliance with citizen security regulations.

Service personnel use a device that has embedded information regarding

to clients: in the “Reservation data” section, include the room number,
reservation number, number of people and departure date; in section
"Components of the reservation" indicates the name and surname of the person, regime,
type of VIP and number of visits, in addition to the client's photograph.


The entity MARINS PLAYA has stated that the image with the client's photo is
used to make it easier for hotel staff to identify the client who is doing
use of the credit card or room (at the time of making a consumption, the
customer provides this card to the employee, who, by swiping it to make the charge, can
check the photograph), as well as to control access to the establishment.


4. The Record of Treatment Activities (RAT) provided by MARINS PLAYA
includes the following information on the processing of personal customer data:

. Purpose: accounting, fiscal and administrative management;
. Category of interested parties: clients and users;

. Types of data: DNI or NIF, name and surnames, postal or electronic address,
telephone, image and manual signature;
. Other types of data: personal characteristics, social circumstances, information
commercial, transactions of goods and services;
. Transfers: Security Forces and Bodies.

. Access to equipment: it is accessed through a personalized username and password.

5. MARINS PLAYA has stated during the investigation of the procedure that
after the scanning of the client's identification document, carried out during the

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registration process, the traveler's signature is collected in digital format, through a Tablet,
which informs about the personal data protection regulations.


MARINS PLAYA has provided the actions with a copy of the "Registration Sheet", which
includes a section relating to the establishment and another to "traveler data" (number of
identity document, type of document and date of issue, name, surname,
gender, date of birth, country of nationality, date of entry and traveler's signature).
This "Sheet" includes an informative legend on data protection
that details, among other aspects, the identity of the person in charge, the purpose

for which the data will be processed, the non-existence of data communications except
by legal obligation, the rights of the interested party, mode of exercise and possibility of
file a claim with the AEPD.

There is also an update of this "Registration Sheet" (2019) that contains a

new informative clause. This information is provided on the collection and treatment of
data for the purpose of prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of
criminal offenses under the Organic Law 4/2015, of March 30, of
Protection of Citizen Security; that the data will be kept for three
years and will be available to the Security Forces and bodies; rights of the
interested parties and how to exercise them and the possibility of claiming before the AEPD.


6. MARINS PLAYA has contributed to the actions the detail on the information in
matter of data protection (privacy policy) that it facilitates through its website.
In this information, nothing is indicated about the use of the client's photograph to
consumption control and avoid fraudulent use of the facilities.


7. The personal data of the claimant are registered in the System of
Information about MARINS BEACH. It is presented with the label “Loading data from the file
of the client”, and includes fields related to name and surname, document number and
date of issue, nationality, date of birth, last visits and photograph.

According to this information, the entry into the claimant's hotel took place on the date
08/27/2018.

                           FOUNDATIONS OF LAW

                                            I


By virtue of the powers that article 58.2 of the RGPD recognizes to each Authority of
Control and, as established in articles 47, 64.2 and 68.1 of the LOPDGDD, the
Director of the Spanish Data Protection Agency is competent to initiate
this procedure.


Article 63.2 of the LOPDGDD determines that: "The procedures processed by the
Spanish Agency for Data Protection will be governed by the provisions of the RGPD, in
this organic law, by the regulatory provisions issued in its
development and, in so far as they are not contradicted, on a subsidiary basis, by the rules

general administrative procedures.

Sections 1) and 2), of article 58 of the RGPD, list, respectively, the
investigative and corrective powers that the supervisory authority may provide to the

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effect, mentioning in point 1.d) that of: “notify the person in charge or in charge of the
treatment of alleged violations of this Regulation”; and in 2.i) that of:
“impose an administrative fine under article 83, in addition to or instead of the
measures mentioned in this section, according to the circumstances of each

case".

The case examined is motivated by a cross-border claim
filed with the Dutch data protection authority (Autoreit

Persoonsgegevens -AP), against MARINS PLAYA, which is based in Spain. bliss
Headquarters is the principal place of business of said entity, within the meaning of the definition
of article 4.16 of the RGPD. Thus, in accordance with the provisions of article 56.1 of the RGPD,
the AEPD is competent to act as the main control authority.


The following "definitions" established in article 4 of the
GDPR:

“16) main establishment:

a) with regard to a data controller with establishments in more than one
Member State, the place of its central administration in the Union, unless the decisions
about the purposes and means of the treatment are taken in another establishment of the person in charge
in the Union and the latter establishment has the power to enforce such decisions, in
in which case the establishment that has adopted such decisions will be considered
main establishment.


“21) supervisory authority: the independent public authority established by a State
member in accordance with the provisions of article 51”.

“22) interested control authority: the control authority that is affected by the treatment of
personal data because:
a.- The controller or processor is established in the territory of the State
member of that control authority;
b.- Interested parties residing in the Member State of that control authority are

substantially affected or likely to be substantially affected by the
treatment, or
c.- A claim has been filed with that control authority”.

“23) cross-border treatment:
a) the processing of personal data carried out in the context of the activities of
establishments in more than one Member State of a person in charge or a person in charge of the

processing in the Union, if the controller or processor is established in more than one
Member state,
or b) the processing of personal data carried out in the context of the activities of a single
establishment of a controller or a processor in the Union, but which affects
substantially or is likely to substantially affect data subjects in more than one State
member".


According to the information included in the IMI System, in accordance with the
established in article 60 of the RGPD, in this procedure acts as
of "interested control authorities" the personal data protection authority
of the Netherlands (Autoriteit Persoonsgegevens -AP).



                                              II

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Article 56.1 of the RGPD, regarding the "Competence of the supervisory authority
main”, states the following:


"1. Without prejudice to the provisions of article 55, the control authority of the establishment
main or sole establishment of the controller or processor will be
competent to act as lead supervisory authority for cross-border processing
carried out by said person in charge or person in charge in accordance with the established procedure

in article 60”.

Said article 60 regulates the "Cooperation between the main control authority and the
other interested control authorities”:


"1. The main control authority will cooperate with the other control authorities
stakeholders in accordance with this article, striving to reach a consensus. The
main control authority and the control authorities concerned will exchange all
relevant information.
2. The main control authority may at any time request other authorities of

Control interested parties that provide mutual assistance in accordance with article 61, and may carry out
conduct joint operations under article 62, in particular to carry out
investigations or supervise the application of a measure related to a person in charge or a
processor established in another Member State.
3. The main control authority shall promptly notify the other control authorities
relevant information in this regard. It will transmit without delay a project of

decision to the other control authorities concerned to obtain their opinion on the matter
and will take due account of their views.
4. In the event that any of the interested control authorities raises an objection
relevant and reasoned information on the draft decision within four weeks of
consultation pursuant to paragraph 3 of this article, the lead supervisory authority
will submit the matter, in case it does not follow what is indicated in the pertinent and motivated objection or

considers that said objection is not pertinent or is not motivated, to the coherence mechanism
referred to in article 63.
5. In the event that the main supervisory authority plans to follow what is indicated in the objection
pertinent and reasoned received, it will submit to the opinion of the other control authorities
stakeholders a revised draft decision. This revised draft decision is
will submit to the procedure indicated in section 4 within a period of two weeks.

6. In the event that no other interested supervisory authority has objected to the
draft decision transmitted by the main supervisory authority within the period indicated in the
paragraphs 4 and 5, it will be considered that the main supervisory authority and the authorities of
Stakeholders are in agreement with said draft decision and will be bound by
East.
7. The main control authority will adopt and notify the decision to the main establishment

or to the sole establishment of the person in charge or the person in charge of the treatment, as appropriate, and
shall inform the interested control authorities and the Committee of the decision, including a
summary of relevant facts and motivation. The supervisory authority before which the
submitted a claim will inform the claimant of the decision.
(…)
12. The main supervisory authority and the other interested supervisory authorities
will reciprocally provide the information required within the framework of this article by

electronic means, using a standardized form.

On the issues regulated in these precepts, what is stated in
Recitals 124, 125, 126 and 130 of the RGPD, in particular the following:



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(124) “… Said authority (the main authority) must cooperate with the other authorities
interested…”.

(125) “As the lead authority, the supervisory authority must closely involve
and coordinate the control authorities interested in the decision-making process”.
(126) “The decision must be agreed jointly by the main control authority and the
interested control authorities…”.
(130) “When the supervisory authority before which the claim has been filed is not the
lead supervisory authority, the latter must cooperate closely with the former with
in accordance with the provisions on cooperation and coherence established in this
Regulation. In such cases, the lead supervisory authority, by taking measures designed

to produce legal effects, including the imposition of administrative fines, must take into account
account to the greatest extent possible the opinion of the supervisory authority before which the
filed the claim and which must remain competent to perform any
investigation on the territory of its own Member State in liaison with the supervisory authority
competent".

In accordance with the provisions of article 4.24 of the RGPD, it is understood by "objection

relevant and motivated” the following:

“The objection to a proposal for a decision on the existence or not of an infringement of this
Regulation, or on the conformity with the present Regulation of actions foreseen in
relationship with the person in charge or the person in charge of the treatment, which clearly demonstrates the
significance of the risks posed by the draft decision to the rights and freedoms

of the interested parties and, where appropriate, for the free circulation of personal data
within the Union.

In accordance with the provisions of the previous rules, in this case,
referred to a claim filed with the supervisory authority of a State

member (Netherlands), in relation to processing in the context of activities
of an establishment of a person in charge that affect or are likely to affect
substantially to data subjects in more than one Member State (data processing
cross-border), the main control authority, in this case the Spanish Agency

of Data Protection, is obliged to cooperate with the other authorities
interested.

The Spanish Agency for Data Protection, in application of the powers that

conferred by the RGPD, is competent to adopt the decisions designed to
produce legal effects, whether it be the imposition of measures that guarantee the
compliance with regulations or the imposition of administrative fines. Nevertheless,
is obliged to closely involve and coordinate the control authorities
stakeholders in the decision-making process and take their opinion into account in the

greater extent. It is also established that the binding decision to be adopted
jointly agreed.

Article 60 of the GDPR regulates this cooperation between the main control authority

and the other interested control authorities. Section 3 of this article
expressly establishes that the main supervisory authority will transmit to the other
control authorities concerned, without delay, a draft decision to obtain
its opinion on the matter and will take due account of its views,

following the procedure provided for in sections 4 and following. The
interested control authorities have a period of four weeks to
raise reasoned objections to the draft decision, on the understanding that

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There is agreement on said project if no authority presents objections in the
indicated period, in which case all of them are bound by the repeated project.


Otherwise, that is, if any of the authorities concerned makes a
relevant and reasoned objection to the draft decision, the supervisory authority
principal may follow what is indicated in the objection, presenting the opinion of the other
control authorities concerned a revised draft decision, which will be submitted
to the procedure indicated in section 4 within two weeks. not to follow
indicated in the objection or if it is considered that it is not pertinent, the authority of

main control must submit the matter to the coherence mechanism contemplated in
Article 63 of the GDPR.

In the present case, the AEPD initially estimated that there were no indications of
infraction, for which, on 09/28/2020, a Draft Decision was issued, by means of

which was submitted to the consideration of the rest of the control authorities concerned on
claim file (Draft decision).

At the end of the established period, the
Dutch data protection authority (Autoriteit Persoonsgegevens -AP),
in the sense expressed in the Background of this act.


Taking into account the reasons set out in the objections made, and
in accordance with the provisions of section 1 of article 60 of the RGPD, before
transcribed, which obliges the main supervisory authority to cooperate with the other
authorities, striving to reach a consensus, the procedure was followed

provided for in section 5 of the aforementioned article 60, instead of resorting to the
coherence contemplated in article 63 of the RGPD.

Although this Agency initially considered that there were no indications of infraction, a
Once the observations or objections raised by the supervisory authority have been analyzed

interested party, some circumstances were revealed that had not been
sufficiently valued in the draft file of actions (Draft decision),
which will be exposed in the Foundations of Law that follow.

For this reason, it was appropriate to prepare a Revised Draft Decision that
contemplate the opening of a sanctioning procedure against MARINS PLAYA.


This action is in accordance with the cooperation procedure regulated in article
60 of the GDPR; and takes into account the provisions of article 58.4 of the same
Regulation, according to which the exercise of the powers conferred on the authority of
control must respect the procedural guarantees established in Union law

and of the Member States.

The Spanish procedural regulations, specifically, Law 39/2015, of October 1, of the
Common Administrative Procedure of Public Administrations (LPACAP),
establishes that procedures of a sanctioning nature will always be initiated

ex officio by agreement of the competent body, which must contain, among other
indications, the identification of the person or persons allegedly responsible,
the facts that motivate the initiation of the procedure, its possible qualification and the
penalties that may apply

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The adoption of this draft agreement to initiate the sanctioning procedure is
provided for in article 64 of the LOPDGDD, sections 2 (third paragraph) and 3,
establishing the obligation to give formal knowledge to the interested party. This
notification interrupts the prescription of the infraction.


The Revised Draft Decision prepared by the AEPD, in the form of a draft
opening of sanctioning procedure, was submitted to the consideration of the
interested authority, in order to formulate the objections that they deem pertinent

or give your consent. To do this, it was transmitted through the IMI System to these
authorities, letting him know that, in case he did not raise objections in the
period of two weeks from the consultation, the mandatory agreement of
opening of sanctioning procedure. The interested control authority did not formulate
no objection, so it was understood that there was agreement on the aforementioned project.


Consequently, on 07/19/2021, the AEPD agreed to initiate this
sanctioning procedure, according to the arguments and accusations
contained in the Revised Draft Decision.


On the other hand, section 4 of the aforementioned article 64 of the LOPDGDD establishes that
The processing times established in this article will be automatically
suspended when it is necessary to collect information, consultation, request for assistance or

mandatory pronouncement of a body or agency of the European Union or of a
or several control authorities of the Member States in accordance with the provisions
in the RGPD, for the time between the request and the notification of the
statement to the Spanish Data Protection Agency.



                                              III

Article 6 of the RGPD refers to the "Legality of the treatment" in the terms

following:

Article 6 of the RGPD.
"1. The treatment will only be lawful if at least one of the following conditions is met:
a) the interested party gave his consent for the treatment of his personal data for one or
various specific purposes;
b) the treatment is necessary for the execution of a contract in which the interested party is a party

or for the application at the request of the latter of pre-contractual measures;
c) the treatment is necessary for the fulfillment of a legal obligation applicable to the
data controller;
d) the processing is necessary to protect the vital interests of the data subject or another person
physical;
e) the treatment is necessary for the fulfillment of a mission carried out in the public interest
or in the exercise of public powers conferred on the data controller;
f) the treatment is necessary for the satisfaction of legitimate interests pursued by the

responsible for the treatment or by a third party, provided that said interests are not
prevail the interests or the fundamental rights and freedoms of the interested party that
require the protection of personal data, in particular when the interested party is a child.
The provisions of letter f) of the first paragraph shall not apply to the treatment carried out by
public authorities in the exercise of their functions.


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2. Member States may maintain or introduce more specific provisions in order to
adapt the application of the rules of this Regulation with regard to the treatment in
compliance with section 1, letters c) and e), establishing more precise requirements
specific treatment and other measures that guarantee lawful and fair treatment, with
inclusion of other specific situations of treatment under chapter IX.


3. The basis of the treatment indicated in section 1, letters c) and e), must be established by:
a) Union law, or
b) the law of the Member States that applies to the data controller.
The purpose of the treatment must be determined in said legal basis or, as regards
to the treatment referred to in section 1, letter e), will be necessary for the fulfillment of
a mission carried out in the public interest or in the exercise of public powers vested in the
responsible for the treatment. Said legal basis may contain specific provisions for

adapt the application of the rules of this Regulation, among others: the conditions
general that govern the legality of the treatment by the person in charge; data types
object of treatment; affected stakeholders; the entities to which they can be communicated
personal data and the purposes of such communication; purpose limitation; the terms of
data conservation, as well as the operations and procedures of the treatment,
including measures to ensure fair and lawful treatment, such as those relating to
other specific situations of treatment under chapter IX. Union law or

of the Member States shall fulfill a public interest objective and shall be proportionate to the end
legitimate persecuted.

4. When the treatment for another purpose other than that for which the data was collected
personal information is not based on the consent of the interested party or on Union Law or
of the Member States which constitutes a necessary and proportionate measure in a society
democracy to safeguard the objectives indicated in article 23, paragraph 1, the

data controller, in order to determine whether processing for another purpose is
compatible with the purpose for which the personal data was initially collected, will take into account
account, among other things:
a) any relationship between the purposes for which the personal data was collected and
the purposes of the intended further processing;
b) the context in which the personal data were collected, in particular with regard to

to the relationship between the interested parties and the data controller;
c) the nature of the personal data, specifically when dealing with special categories
of personal data, in accordance with article 9, or personal data relating to convictions
and criminal offenses, in accordance with article 10;
d) the possible consequences for data subjects of the envisaged further processing;
e) the existence of adequate guarantees, which may include encryption or pseudonymization”.


It takes into account what is expressed in recitals 40 to 45 and 47 of the RGPD in
in relation to the provisions of articles 6 and 7 of the GDPR outlined above.


In the present case, a claim is made against the entity MARINS PLAYA for
perform, during the process of registering the claimant in the hotel, a digital scan
of his passport, of the entire document, despite the opposition expressed by the
same; as well as for the use of the personal data contained in the aforementioned

document, including a photograph, for the control and invoicing of the consumption of the
client during their stay.

The actions carried out have made it possible to verify that the scanning process

to which the client's identification document is submitted upon arrival at the hotel does not have
in order to obtain a digital image of the entire document. As detailed
in Proven Fact 2, said scanning is carried out using a computer program

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Optical Character Recognition (OCR) that automatically identifies
characters of a certain alphabet and stores them as data, that is,
convert the image to text. It is a support program that captures the data

of the client, integrates them into the entity's information system and enables the
Completion of the "client file" or "passenger entry part".

There is no proof that the responsible entity has an image
Complete identity document of the clients. Nor is it known that the image
A scan of this document is incorporated into the devices used by the staff

of hotel services (bar and dining room).

If it is accredited, on the other hand, and this has been recognized by the MARINS entity itself
PLAYA, which through that process the aforementioned entity collects the personal data of
your clients regarding the number, type and date of issue of the identity document

presented, name and surname, sex, date and country of birth, as well as the
Photography; and that they are sent to the State Security Forces and Bodies in
compliance with citizen security regulations and used for the "management
hotel”, according to the terms used by the entity itself in its response to the
AEPD Inspection Services.


This includes the use of personal data by the administration staff and
of services. According to the documentation provided by the claimed entity, the staff
of services uses a device that has incorporated information regarding the
clients, which includes the room and reservation number, number of people and
departure date; name and surname of the person, status, type of VIP and number of

visits, in addition to the photograph of the client, which is checked to verify the
identity of the client when making consumptions in the hotel; but they don't have the
scanned image of the identity document.

The data collected, except for the photograph, are necessary for the execution of the

contract in which the interested party is a party and for the fulfillment of an obligation
law applicable to the data controller. Therefore, the treatment of these data
It is protected by the provisions of article 6.1, letters b) and c), of the RGPD.

The regulations that regulate the books-records and parts of entry of travelers in
hotel establishments, as well as the obligation to communicate the information

contained in the registration sheets to the police agencies, is constituted,
Basically, by Organic Law 4/2015, of March 30, on the protection of the
citizen security, and Order INT/1922/2003, of July 3, on registry books and
parts of entry of travelers in hotel establishments and other analogous.


Article 24 of Organic Law 4/2015 provides in its first section the following:

“Individuals or legal entities that carry out activities relevant to the security
citizen, such as lodging ... will be subject to registration obligations
documentation and information in the terms established by the provisions

applicable”.

This rule, and the aforementioned Order, in which those obligations are detailed,
legitimizes the collection of personal data related to the document number of

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identity, type of document and date of issue, name and surname, sex, date
of birth and country of nationality, date of entry and signature of the traveler; which
must be incorporated into the "Registration sheet" that the entity responsible for the hotel must

transfer to the State Security Forces and Bodies.

It remains, therefore, to determine the scope that should be granted, from the point of view of
the protection of personal data, the collection and use of photographs of
clients carried out by MARINS PLAYA.


On this issue, the first thing to note is that the information on
protection of personal data that the claimed entity provided to customers not
included no details about the collection and use of the photograph, so they were
unknown to those interested. In fact, not even the data processing to which
The photograph is submitted and appears in the Registry of Treatment Activities.


Therefore, what MARINS PLAYA stated in its letter of
allegations to the motion for a resolution when it points out that the clients were
informed during the registration process at the hotel establishment. It is true that
With this pleadings brief, it has provided an informative document that does
reference to the registration of the photograph in the entity's systems, but it has not

accredited the delivery of this document to clients and has not justified
When did you implement its use?

In this regard, it is interesting to note that in the evidence phase of the procedure the
The instructor expressly required the respondent entity to copy its policy on

privacy, in all its versions effective as of 05/25/2018 and any notice
of privacy or additional information, as well as a detail about the channels
empowered to disclose this information, and said entity did not provide the
informative document that now contributes with its allegations to the proposal of
resolution.


In relation to the photographs of the clients, MARINS PLAYA has stated that
This image is used to make it easier for hotel staff to identify the client.
that you are using the credit or room card (at the time of making
a consumption, the client provides that card to the employee, who, when passing it to carry out the
charge, you can check the photo), as well as to control access to the

establishment. When the customer registers, he is provided with a magnetic card
that allows you, in addition to access to the room, the payment of consumption with charge
to your account, which will be paid at the end of your stay. At the time of making a
consumption, the customer provides that card to the employee, who, by swiping it through his device
to charge, view the customer's photo.


The collection and use of customer photographs are not covered by
the legal bases indicated above (execution of the contract and fulfillment of a
legal obligation).


According to MARINS PLAYA, the aim is to verify the identity of the client in order to avoid
fraudulent use of the card by third parties and prevent causing serious damage
economical to the customer; that expenses are not paid with a lost card that is not
corresponds to the user of the service. Based on this, the aforementioned entity considers that

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This treatment is covered by the provisions of article 6.1.f) of the RGPD, since

there is a legitimate interest of the person in charge in charging the true user of the service and
of the client, avoiding the use of the cards in a fraudulent way and that they are loaded
in the accounts of some customers the consumption made by third parties.


The existence of a legitimate interest of the responsible entity and of the
client as a legal basis that provides coverage for the treatment of the photograph of the
customers.


In relation to the legal basis of legitimate interest, article 6 cited establishes:

"1. The treatment will only be lawful if at least one of the following conditions is met:
f) the treatment is necessary for the satisfaction of legitimate interests pursued by the
responsible for the treatment or by a third party, provided that said interests are not
prevail the interests or the fundamental rights and freedoms of the interested party that
require the protection of personal data, in particular when the interested party is a child...”.


Recital 47 of the RGPD specifies the content and scope of this base
legitimizer of the treatment:

“(47) The legitimate interest of a controller, including that of a controller to whom

may communicate personal data, or of a third party, may constitute a legal basis
for treatment, provided that the interests or the rights and freedoms of the user do not prevail.
data subject, taking into account the reasonable expectations of data subjects based on their
relationship with the person in charge. Such legitimate interest could occur, for example, when there is a
relevant and appropriate relationship between the data subject and the controller, such as in situations where
which the interested party is a client or is at the service of the person in charge. In any case, the
existence of a legitimate interest would require careful assessment, even if a
The interested party can reasonably foresee, at the time and in the context of the collection of

personal data, which may be processed for this purpose. In particular, the interests and
the fundamental rights of the interested party could prevail over the interests of the
responsible for the treatment when proceeding to the treatment of personal data in
circumstances in which the data subject does not reasonably expect that a
further treatment. Since it is up to the legislator to establish by law the legal basis for
the processing of personal data by public authorities, this legal basis does not
should apply to processing carried out by public authorities in the exercise of their duties.
functions. The processing of personal data strictly necessary for the
prevention of fraud also constitutes a legitimate interest of the data controller.

that it is The processing of personal data for direct marketing purposes may
be considered carried out for legitimate interest”.

The interpretative criteria that are extracted from this Considering are, among others, (i)
that the legitimate interest of the person in charge prevails over the interests or rights and

fundamental freedoms of the owner of the data, in view of the expectations
reasonable that he has, based on the relationship he maintains with the person in charge
of the treatment; (ii) it will be essential to carry out a "meticulous evaluation" of
the rights and interests at stake, also in those cases in which the

interested party can reasonably foresee, at the time and in the context of the
data collection, which may be processed for this purpose; (iii) interest and
fundamental rights of the owner of the personal data could prevail against
the legitimate interests of the person in charge when the processing of the data is carried out
in such circumstances in which the data subject "does not reasonably expect"

carry out further processing of your personal data.
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MARINS PLAYA has not justified this legitimate interest sufficiently to
allow the weighting test between the interest of the person in charge and the rights of the

interested, necessary to determine the legality of the treatments carried out. On
In this case, moreover, there is no evidence that the aforementioned entity has carried out this test of
weighting and has duly informed the claimant on this basis
legitimizing.

During the test phase of the procedure, the instructor expressly requested the

requested to provide a "Copy of the documents in which the evaluation
carried out on the prevalence or not of the interests and fundamental rights of the
clients against the interests of MARINS PLAYA, in relation to the operations of
processing of personal data of clients carried out under the responsibility of
MARINS PLAYA with which the satisfaction of legitimate interests is intended

persecuted by the MARINS PLAYA entity itself or by a third party”. this entity
responded to the agreed request for evidence, but did not provide any documentation
regarding the processing of personal data based on legitimate interest.

The respondent entity did not carry out this prior analysis, although it refers to it in its
writing of allegations to the proposal, and at no time informs the clients

on this legal basis of the treatment. About the informative document provided with
said letter of allegations, which contains a reference to the legitimate interest, we
We refer to what was indicated above about said informative writing.

In the absence of information regarding the weighting test, the interested party is deprived

of their right to know the legal basis of the treatment alleged by the person in charge, and
specifically, when referring to the legitimate interest, he is deprived of his right to know
what are said legitimate interests alleged by the person in charge or by a third party that
would justify processing without taking your consent into account.


In the same way, the interested party is deprived of his right to claim for what reasons
Said legitimate interest alleged by the person in charge could be counteracted by the
rights or interests of the interested party. Not having given the interested party an opportunity
to allege them against the person in charge, any weighing carried out by the person in charge
without taking into account the circumstances that the interested party could allege, to whom it was not
allowed to do so would be vitiated, as it is an act contrary to a mandatory norm.


It is difficult to accept that a treatment is based on the legitimate interest of the controller
when that treatment is carried out in a hidden way.

It is not possible, therefore, to invoke this legal basis of legitimate interest on the occasion of a

administrative procedure, such as transfer of the claim or allegations to the
opening of the sanctioning procedure. Accepting it would be the same as admitting an interest
legitimate supervening, or a posteriori, in respect of which the
requirements set forth in the personal data protection regulations and on which
stakeholders are not informed.


Although the legitimate interest is not applicable, it is interesting to analyze the terms in which it must
carry out the weighting provided for in article 6.1.f) of the RGPD between the legitimate
interest of the person responsible for the data and the protection of personal data of the

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interested, that is, how it plays said legitimate interest, if applicable.


The CJEU, in its ruling of 05/04/2017, C-13/16, Rigas Satskime, sections 28 to 34,
determined what are the requirements for a treatment to be lawful on
the basis of legitimate interest. The CJEU ruling of 07/29/2019, C-40/17, Fashion ID,
Echoing the sentence cited, it collects said requirements.

28. In this regard, article 7, letter f), of Directive 95/46 -(current article 6.1.f) of the RGPD)-

sets three cumulative requirements for the processing of personal data to be lawful:
first, that the data controller or the third party or third parties to whom they are communicated
the data pursues a legitimate interest; second, that the treatment is necessary for the
satisfaction of that legitimate interest and, third, that the rights and freedoms
fundamentals of the interested party in the protection of data.

This legal basis requires the existence of real interests, not speculative and that,
Also, they are legitimate. And not only does the existence of that legitimate interest mean that

those treatment operations can be carried out. It is also necessary that these
treatments are necessary to satisfy that interest and consider the repercussion
for the interested party, the level of intrusion on their privacy and the effects that may
negatively impact it.


Regarding the first of the requirements, that is, that the data controller or
third parties pursue a legitimate interest, such as preventing fraudulent use of the card
that the claimed delivery to its customers, we are faced with an interest that could
considered legitimate in itself, although said interest must be weighed against the
of the individuals. That is, even if the person in charge has said legitimate interest, this

does not mean, in itself considered, that this basis can simply be invoked
legal as a basis for processing. The legitimacy of this interest is only a
starting point, only one of the elements to be weighed.


Regarding the second of the requirements, however, it is considered that the treatment
of personal data carried out by MARINS PLAYA is not necessary or strictly
necessary for the satisfaction of the alleged legitimate interest (the cited judgment of
05/04/2017, C-13/16, Rigas Satskime, in its section 30, declares “As regards the
requirement that data processing is necessary, it should be remembered that the

exceptions and restrictions to the principle of protection of personal data
personnel must be established without exceeding the limits of what is strictly
necessary").

This principle, according to which the treatment must be strictly necessary for the

satisfaction of legitimate interest, it must be interpreted in accordance with what
established in article 5.1.c) RGPD, which refers to the principle of
data minimization, noting that personal data will be “adequate,
relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are
treaties”.


Thus, less invasive means of serving a patient should always be preferred.
same end. Necessity implies here that the treatment is essential for the
satisfaction of said interest, so that, if said objective can be achieved
reasonable manner in another manner that is less impactful or less intrusive, the

Legitimate interest cannot be invoked.
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The term “necessity” used in article 6.1 f) of the RGPD has, in the opinion of the CJEU, a
own and independent meaning in Community law. It's about a

“autonomous concept of Community Law” (STJUE of 12/16/2008, case C-
524/2006, section 52). On the other hand, the European Court of Human Rights
(ECHR) has also offered guidelines to interpret the concept of necessity. On
its Judgment of 03/25/1983 specified that, without prejudice to the treatment of the
data of the claimants is "useful", "desirable" or "reasonable", as specified by the ECHR in
its Judgment of 3/25/1983, the term “necessary” does not have the flexibility that is

implicit in those expressions.

The more "negative" or "uncertain" the impact of treatment may be, the more
It is unlikely that the processing as a whole can be considered legitimate.


As can be seen, what was stated above is in line with the doctrine of
Constitutional Court on the proportionality trial that must be carried out on
a restrictive measure of a fundamental right. According to this doctrine, they should
three requirements must be verified: suitability (if the measure allows the objective
proposed); necessity (that there is no other more moderate measure); proportionality in
strict sense (more benefits or advantages than harm).


In short, leaving aside the fact that the interested party does not know for what purposes or
on what legal basis your data has been collected, it is understood that the collection and
use of the photograph of the clients that MARINS PLAYA carries out supposes a
excessive processing of personal data.


In relation to this question, all the arguments put forward by
the data protection authority of the Netherlands, outlined in the Background
Fourth, to challenge the processing of said personal data under the
established in article 6.1.f) of the same RGPD, considering that there are other

Less intrusive ways to verify if the magnetic card holder is the legitimate one
holder of the same at the time of payment and, thus, prevent said cards from being used
fraudulently.

On the other hand, the proceedings do not show that MARINS PAYA has
established additional guarantees that could favor the acceptance of this base

legal data processing, such as favoring the right of opposition of the
interested party or even establish voluntary exclusion mechanisms.

In short, the legitimate interest invoked by MARINS PLAYA does not prevail against the
fundamental rights and freedoms of those interested in the protection of their data

personal, so it cannot be considered that the processing of personal data that
carried out is protected by the legitimate interest provided for in article 6.1.f) of the
GDPR.



Nor does the interested party give their consent for said data processing. From
In accordance with what is expressed in the aforementioned regulations, the data processing
object of the claim require the existence of a legal basis that
legitimate, such as the consent of the interested party validly given, necessary

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when there is no other legal basis mentioned in article 6.1 of the
RGPD or the treatment pursues a purpose compatible with that for which they were collected
the data.


Article 4 of the GDPR defines "consent" in the following terms:

“Article 4 Definitions
For the purposes of this Regulation, the following shall be understood as:
11. «consent of the interested party»: any manifestation of free will, specific,
informed and unequivocal by which the interested party accepts, either by means of a declaration or a

clear affirmative action, the treatment of personal data that concerns you”.

In relation to the provision of consent, what is established in the
article 6 of the RGPD, already mentioned, and in articles 7 of the RGPD and 7 of the LOPDGDD.


Article 7 “Conditions for consent” of the RGPD:

"1. When the treatment is based on the consent of the interested party, the person in charge must
be able to demonstrate that they consented to the processing of their personal data.
2. If the data subject's consent is given in the context of a written statement that

also refers to other matters, the request for consent will be presented in such a way
clearly distinguishable from other matters, in an intelligible and easily accessible manner and
using clear and simple language. No part of the declaration will be binding.
constitutes an infringement of this Regulation.
3. The interested party shall have the right to withdraw their consent at any time. The retreat
of consent will not affect the legality of the treatment based on the consent prior to
his withdrawal. Before giving their consent, the interested party will be informed of it. it will be so easy
Withdraw consent as give it.

4. When assessing whether consent has been freely given, it will be taken into account to the greatest
extent possible whether, among other things, the performance of a contract, including the
provision of a service, is subject to consent to the processing of personal data that
are not necessary for the execution of said contract”.

Article 6 “Treatment based on the consent of the affected party” of the LOPDGDD:


"1. In accordance with the provisions of article 4.11 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679,
consent of the affected party means any manifestation of free will, specific,
informed and unequivocal by which it accepts, either through a statement or a clear
affirmative action, the treatment of personal data that concerns you.
2. When the data processing is intended to be based on the consent of the affected party
for a plurality of purposes it will be necessary to state specifically and unequivocally

that said consent is granted for all of them.
3. The execution of the contract may not be subject to the affected party consenting to the treatment of
personal data for purposes that are not related to the maintenance, development
or control of the contractual relationship”.

Consent is understood as a clear affirmative act that reflects a

free, specific, informed and unequivocal manifestation of the interested party's
accept the treatment of personal data that concerns you, provided with
sufficient guarantees to prove that the interested party is aware of the fact that
you give your consent and the extent to which you do so. And it must be given to all

treatment activities carried out with the same or the same purposes, so that,
when the treatment has several purposes, consent must be given for all

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them in a specific and unequivocal manner, without the execution of the
contract that the affected party consents to the processing of their personal data for

purposes that are not related to the maintenance, development or control of the
business relationship. In this regard, the legality of the treatment requires that the interested party be
informed about the purposes for which the data is intended (consent
informed).


Consent must be given freely. It is understood that consent
is free when the interested party does not enjoy true or free choice or cannot
deny or withdraw your consent without prejudice; or when you don't know
allows separate authorization of the different data processing operations

despite being appropriate in the specific case, or when the fulfillment of a
contract or provision of service is dependent on consent, even when it
not necessary for such compliance. This occurs when consent is
included as a non-negotiable part of the general conditions or when

imposes the obligation to agree to the use of additional personal data to
those strictly necessary.

Without these conditions, the provision of consent would not offer the data subject a
true control over your personal data and its destination, and this would

Illegal treatment activity.

The Article 29 Working Group analyzed these issues in its document
“Guidelines on consent under Regulation 2016/679”, revised and
approved on 04/10/2018; which has been updated by the European Committee for

Data Protection on 05/04/2020 through the document “Guidelines 05/2020 on
consent in accordance with Regulation 2016/679”. From what is stated in this
document, it is now interesting to highlight some aspects related to the validity of the
consent, specifically on the elements “specific”, “informed” and

"unequivocal":

“3.2. Specific declaration of will
Article 6, paragraph 1, letter a), confirms that the consent of the interested party for the
processing of your data must be given "for one or more specific purposes" and that an interested party
may choose with respect to each of such purposes. The requirement that consent
should be 'specific' is intended to ensure a level of control and transparency for the
interested. This requirement has not been changed by the GDPR and remains closely

linked to the requirement of “informed” consent. At the same time, it must be interpreted
in line with the “dissociation” requirement to obtain “free” consent. In sum,
In order to comply with the “specific” character, the data controller must apply:

i) specification of the purpose as a guarantee against deviation from use,
ii) dissociation in consent requests, and
iii) a clear separation between information related to obtaining consent
for data processing activities and information relating to other matters.


Ad. i): In accordance with article 5, paragraph 1, letter b), of the RGPD, obtaining the
Valid consent is always preceded by the determination of a specific, explicit and
legitimate for the intended treatment activity. The need for specific consent
in combination with the notion of purpose limitation in Article 5, paragraph
1, letter b), works as a guarantee against the gradual expansion or blurring of the purposes
for which the data processing is carried out once an interested party has given their

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Authorization for the initial data collection. This phenomenon, also known as
deviation of the use, supposes a risk for the interested parties since it can give rise to a use
unforeseen personal data by the data controller or third parties

parties and the loss of control by the interested party.
If the data controller relies on Article 6(1)(a), the data subjects
They must always give their consent for a specific purpose for data processing.
In line with the concept of purpose limitation, with Article 5, paragraph 1, letter
b), and with recital 32, the consent may cover different operations, provided
that these operations have the same purpose. It goes without saying that the specific consent

can only be obtained when the interested parties are expressly informed about the purposes
provided for the use of data concerning them.
Without prejudice to the provisions on the compatibility of purposes, the consent must
Be specific for each purpose. The interested parties will give their consent on the understanding that they have
control over your data and that these will only be processed for those specific purposes. If a
responsible processes data based on consent and, in addition, wishes to process said data

for another purpose, you must obtain consent for that other purpose, unless there is another basis
law that best reflects the situation...
Ad. ii) Consent mechanisms should not only be separated in order to comply
the requirement of “free” consent, but must also comply with the requirement of
"specific" consent. This means that a data controller seeking the
consent for several different purposes, you must facilitate the possibility of opting for each purpose,

so that users can give specific consent for specific purposes.
Ad. iii) Finally, data controllers must provide, with each data request,
separate consent, specific information on the data to be processed for each purpose,
in order that the interested parties know the repercussion of the different options that
have. In this way, data subjects are allowed to give specific consent. This

issue overlaps with the requirement that controllers provide clear information, as
as discussed above in section 3.3”.

“3.3. Manifestation of informed will
The GDPR reinforces the requirement that consent must be informed. in accordance
with article 5 of the RGPD, the requirement of transparency is one of the principles

fundamental, closely related to the principles of loyalty and legality. To ease
information to the interested parties before obtaining their consent is essential so that they can
make informed decisions, understand what they are authorizing and, for example,
exercise your right to withdraw your consent. If the controller does not provide information
accessible, user control will be illusory and consent will not constitute a valid basis
for data processing.

If the requirements for informed consent are not met, the consent is not
will be valid and the person in charge may be in breach of article 6 of the RGPD.

3.3.1. Minimum content requirements for consent to be “informed”
In order for the consent to be informed, it is necessary to communicate to the interested party certain
elements that are crucial to be able to choose. Therefore, the WG29 is of the opinion that it is required,

least, the following information to obtain valid consent:
i) the identity of the data controller,
ii) the purpose of each of the treatment operations for which the authorization is requested.
consent,
iii) what (type of) data will be collected and used,

iv) the existence of the right to withdraw consent,
v) information on the use of data for automated decisions in accordance with the
article 22, paragraph 2, letter c), when relevant, and
vi) information on the possible risks of data transfer due to the absence of
a decision of adequacy and adequate guarantees, as described in the article
46”.

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In the alleged case, there is no evidence of the provision of a

valid consent on the part of MARINS PLAYA clients that protects the
processing of personal data that MARINS PLAYA carries out with the photograph
of these clients. This entity does not even report on this use of the
photography, nor has it established any mechanism so that customers can consent
this use by means of a separate affirmative act for these specific

treatment operations, which are also not included in the Registry of
Treatment Activities.

Consequently, in accordance with the exposed evidence, the aforementioned facts
represent a violation of the provisions of article 6 of the RGPD, which gives rise to the

application of the corrective powers that article 58 of the aforementioned Regulation grants to
the Spanish Data Protection Agency.

As can be seen from the above, the conclusions obtained
on the facts analyzed go beyond the specific action of MARINS

PLAYA regarding the collection and processing of personal data of the claimant, and
have to do with the personal data management process implemented by this
entity in general. Therefore, contrary to what was stated by this entity
in his brief of arguments to the motion for a resolution, it is irrelevant whether the
Whether or not the claimant objected to the delivery of his passport at the time of registration in

the hotel.

It is equally irrelevant that the photograph of the clients is only
view by service personnel. What matters is the treatment that is carried out,
that entails the registration of the photograph in the information systems of the

claimed, and the circumstances in which such registration is carried out.

Finally, it should be noted that the tests completed in the procedure allow
reject the statement made by MARINS PLAYA in its pleadings brief to the
motion for a resolution, on the conservation of the photograph only during the

the client's stay at the hotel and its subsequent elimination. The card itself
claimant, which was required by the instructor, proves that currently his
photograph continues to be preserved in the information system of the claimed person.



                                            IV

In the event that there is an infringement of the provisions of the RGPD, between the
corrective powers available to the Spanish Data Protection Agency,
as a control authority, article 58.2 of said Regulation contemplates the

following:

"two. Each control authority will have all the following corrective powers indicated below:
continuation:
(…)
b) send a warning to any person responsible or in charge of the treatment when the
treatment operations have violated the provisions of this Regulation;
(...)
d) order the person responsible or in charge of the treatment that the treatment operations be

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comply with the provisions of this Regulation, where appropriate, of a given
manner and within a specified time;
(…)
i) impose an administrative fine under article 83, in addition to or instead of the
measures mentioned in this section, according to the circumstances of each case
particular;".


According to the provisions of article 83.2 of the RGPD, the measure provided for in letter d)
above is compatible with the sanction consisting of an administrative fine.



                                              v

The exposed facts do not comply with the provisions of article 6 of the RGPD, which

involves the commission of an offense classified in section 5.a) of article 83 of the
RGPD, which under the heading “General conditions for the imposition of fines
administrative” provides the following:


"5. Violations of the following provisions will be sanctioned, in accordance with the
section 2, with administrative fines of a maximum of EUR 20,000,000 or, in the case of a
company, of an amount equivalent to a maximum of 4% of the total annual turnover
of the previous financial year, opting for the highest amount:

a) the basic principles for the treatment, including the conditions for the consent to

tenor of articles 5, 6, 7 and 9”.

In this regard, the LOPDGDD, in its article 71 establishes that "They constitute
infractions the acts and behaviors referred to in sections 4, 5 and 6 of the

Article 83 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679, as well as those that are contrary to the
present organic law”.

For the purposes of the limitation period, article 72 of the LOPDGDD indicates:


“Article 72. Infractions considered very serious.
1. Based on the provisions of article 83.5 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679, they are considered
very serious and will prescribe after three years the infractions that suppose a violation
substance of the articles mentioned therein and, in particular, the following:
(…)

b) The processing of personal data without the concurrence of any of the conditions of legality of the
treatment established in article 6 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679”.

In order to determine the administrative fine to be imposed, the
provisions of articles 83.1 and 83.2 of the RGPD, precepts that indicate:


"1. Each control authority will guarantee that the imposition of administrative fines with
in accordance with this article for the infringements of this Regulation indicated in the
sections 4, 9 and 6 are in each individual case effective, proportionate and dissuasive.

2. Administrative fines will be imposed, depending on the circumstances of each case

individually, in addition to or as a substitute for the measures referred to in article 58,
section 2, letters a) to h) and j). When deciding to impose an administrative fine and its amount
In each individual case, due account shall be taken of:
a) the nature, seriousness and duration of the offence, taking into account the nature,

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scope or purpose of the treatment operation in question as well as the number of
affected parties and the level of damages they have suffered;
b) intentionality or negligence in the infringement;
c) any measure taken by the person responsible or in charge of the treatment to alleviate the
damages suffered by the interested parties;

d) the degree of responsibility of the data controller or processor, taking into account
of the technical or organizational measures that they have applied by virtue of articles 25 and 32;
e) any previous infringement committed by the person in charge or the person in charge of the treatment;
f) the degree of cooperation with the supervisory authority in order to remedy the
infringement and mitigate the possible adverse effects of the infringement;
g) the categories of personal data affected by the infringement;

h) the way in which the supervisory authority became aware of the infringement, in particular if the
The person responsible or the person in charge notified the infringement and, if so, to what extent;
i) when the measures indicated in article 58, section 2, have been ordered
previously against the person in charge or the person in charge in question in relation to the same
matter, compliance with said measures;
j) adherence to codes of conduct under Article 40 or certification mechanisms

approved under article 42, and
k) any other aggravating or mitigating factor applicable to the circumstances of the case, such as
financial benefits obtained or losses avoided, directly or indirectly, through
the infraction”.


For its part, article 76 “Sanctions and corrective measures” of the LOPDGDD
has:

"1. The sanctions provided for in sections 4, 5 and 6 of article 83 of the Regulation (EU)
2016/679 will be applied taking into account the graduation criteria established in the

section 2 of the aforementioned article.
2. In accordance with the provisions of article 83.2.k) of Regulation (EU) 2016/679, also
may be taken into account:

a) The continuing nature of the offence.
b) The link between the activity of the offender and the performance of data processing

personal.
c) The profits obtained as a result of committing the offence.
d) The possibility that the conduct of the affected party could have induced the commission of the crime.
infringement.
e) The existence of a merger by absorption process subsequent to the commission of the infraction,
that cannot be attributed to the absorbing entity.

f) Affectation of the rights of minors.
g) Have, when not mandatory, a data protection officer.
h) Submission by the person in charge or person in charge, on a voluntary basis, to
alternative conflict resolution mechanisms, in those cases in which there are
controversies between them and any interested party”.


In accordance with the precepts indicated, in order to set the amount of the penalty to
impose in the present case, it is considered appropriate to graduate said sanction from
according to the following criteria:


The following graduation criteria are considered concurrent as aggravating:

     . Article 83.2.a) of the RGPD: “a) the nature, seriousness and duration of the

     infringement, taking into account the nature, scope or purpose of the operation
     of treatment in question as well as the number of interested parties affected and the

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    level of damages they have suffered.

         . In relation to the duration of the infringement, it is stated in the proceedings that the

         collection of personal data carried out by the claimed party, which includes the
         collection of the client's photograph, there has been at least one
         from 08/27/2018, date of entry into the claimant's hotel, and
         currently maintains.
         . Number of interested parties: the infraction affects all the clients of the
         entity.

         . The nature of the damage caused to the interested persons, which
         have seen increased risk to their privacy.

    . Article 83.2.b) of the RGPD: "b) the intention or negligence in the infringement".


    It should be noted that the procedure for collecting personal data
    implemented by MARINS PLAYA supposes, from the point of view of the
    interested holders of the data collected, the loss of the disposition and control
    about their data, because they do not even know that this data collection includes
    the photograph that appears on the identification document provided by the client to
    your arrival at the hotel.


    These circumstances, in addition to those meant in the previous section,
    revealed the negligent action of MARINS PLAYA. In this regard, it
    takes into account what was declared in the Judgment of the National High Court of 10/17/2007
    (rec. 63/2006) that, based on the fact that these are entities whose activity has

    coupled with the continuous processing of customer data, indicates that "... the Court
    Supreme has understood that there is imprudence whenever it is neglected
    a legal duty of care, that is, when the offender does not behave with the
    due diligence. And in assessing the degree of diligence, it must be weighed
    especially the professionalism or not of the subject, and there is no doubt that, in the

    case now examined, when the activity of the appellant is constant and
    abundant handling of personal data, it must be insisted on the rigor and
    exquisite care to adjust to the legal precautions in this regard”.

    It is a company that processes the personal data of its
    clients in a systematic and continuous manner and that extreme care must be taken in the

    compliance with its data protection obligations.

    In addition, it is considered that he has had knowledge on several occasions, during the
    processing of the claim, about the possible irregularity of its action and not
    No action has been taken to correct it.


    . Article 83.2.d) of the RGPD: “d) the degree of responsibility of the person in charge or of the
    data processor, taking into account the technical or organizational measures
    that they have applied by virtue of articles 25 and 32”.


    The imputed entity does not have adequate procedures in place for
    performance in the collection and processing of personal data, so
    that the infringement is not the result of an anomaly in the functioning of
    these procedures but a defect in the data management system

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     personal designed by the person in charge.

     . Article 83.2.g) of the RGPD: “g) the categories of personal data

     affected by the infringement.

     Although “Special categories of personal data” have not been affected,
     as defined by the RGPD in article 9, this does not mean that the stolen data is not
     were sensitive in nature. The personal data affected by the treatment (the
     photography of clients) has a particularly sensitive nature, in that

     allows the prompt identification of the interested parties and increases the risks on their
     privacy, especially when it is registered associated with all the data that
     appear on the holder's identity document, as in this case.

     . Article 76.2.a) of the LOPDGDD: “a) The continuous nature of the infraction”.


     The procedure for collecting and processing personal data implemented by the
     claimed applies to all customers during, at least, the period indicated in the
     refer to the duration of the infraction. It is a plurality of actions that
     follow the action designed by MARINS PLAYA, which violate the same
     precept.


     . Article 76.2.b) of the LOPDGDD: “b) The link between the activity of the offender
     with the processing of personal data”.

     The high link between the activity of the offender and the performance of treatment

     of personal data, considering the activity carried out in the sector
     hotelier and its volume of activity (in the Fifth Antecedent, some
     details about it).

     . Article 83.2.k) of the RGPD: “k) any other aggravating or mitigating factor

     applicable to the circumstances of the case, such as the financial benefits obtained
     or losses avoided, directly or indirectly, through the infringement”.

     The medium-sized company and business volume of MARINS PLAYA (in
     the Fifth Antecedent contains some details in this regard).


It is also considered that there are extenuating circumstances
following:

     . Article 83.2.k) of the RGPD: “k) any other aggravating or mitigating factor
     applicable to the circumstances of the case, such as the financial benefits obtained

     or losses avoided, directly or indirectly, through the infringement”.

     Although the collection of personal data related to photography is considered excessive
     of the client and the subsequent use that is made of it, is taken into account
     the purpose intended by the claimed entity, to avoid fraud in the

     consumption of services, and that no other use other than this data has been accredited
     personal.

Considering the exposed factors, the valuation reached by the fine, for the

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Violation of article 6 of the RGPD, it is 30,000 euros (thirty thousand euros).

It is interesting to note that MARINS PLAYA has not made any allegation regarding

the graduation of the sanction in the brief presented in response to the proposal of
resolution prepared by the instructor of the procedure.


                                           SAW


The infractions committed may lead to the imposition of the person responsible for the
adoption of appropriate measures to adjust its actions to the aforementioned regulations
in this act, in accordance with the provisions of the aforementioned article 58.2.d) of the RGPD,
according to which each control authority may "order the person in charge or in charge
of the treatment that the treatment operations comply with the provisions of the

this Regulation, where appropriate, in a certain way and within a
specified period…”.

In this case, it is appropriate to require the responsible entity so that, within the term
indicates in the operative part, cessation in the collection and treatment of the photograph of its
customers. In another case, you must adapt the information on data protection

data offered to customers, especially that relating to the collection and use of
the photograph and the legal basis that supports the treatment, establishing
mechanisms that allow proving that said information is accessed by the
interested; and carry out the necessary adaptation of the treatment operations
to which this act refers to the requirements contemplated in article 6.1

of the RGPD, with the scope expressed in the previous Legal Foundations.

Likewise, it must correct the effects of the infraction committed, which entails the
deletion of all photographs collected from customers in the circumstances that
have determined the declaration of the infraction that is sanctioned in this act.


It is warned that not meeting the requirements of this organization may be
considered as a serious administrative infraction by “not cooperating with the Authority
of control” before the requirements made, being able to be valued such behavior to the
time of the opening of an administrative sanctioning procedure with a fine
pecuniary



Therefore, in accordance with the applicable legislation and having assessed the criteria for
graduation of sanctions whose existence has been proven,
the Director of the Spanish Data Protection Agency RESOLVES:


FIRST: IMPOSE the entity MARINS PLAYA, S.A., with CIF A07158223, for
an infringement of Article 6 of the RGPD, typified in Article 83.5.a) of the RGPD and
classified as very serious for prescription purposes in article 72.1.b) of the
LOPDGDD, a fine of 30,000 euros (thirty thousand euros).


SECOND: Require the entity MARINS PLAYA, S.A. so that, within a
month, adopt the necessary measures to adapt its actions to the regulations of
protection of personal data, with the scope expressed in the Foundation of

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Right VI. Within the indicated period, the aforementioned entity must justify before this Agency
Spanish Data Protection the attention of this requirement.


THIRD: NOTIFY this resolution to the entity MARINS PLAYA, S.A.

FOURTH: Warn the sanctioned party that he must make the imposed sanction effective once
Once this resolution is enforceable, in accordance with the provisions of the
art. 98.1.b) of Law 39/2015, of October 1, on Administrative Procedure
Common Public Administrations (hereinafter LPACAP), within the payment term

voluntary established in art. 68 of the General Collection Regulations, approved
by Royal Decree 939/2005, of July 29, in relation to art. 62 of Law 58/2003,
of December 17, through its entry, indicating the NIF of the sanctioned and the number
of procedure that appears in the heading of this document, in the account
restricted number ES00 0000 0000 0000 0000 0000, opened on behalf of the Agency

Spanish Department of Data Protection in the banking entity CAIXABANK, S.A.. In case
Otherwise, it will be collected in the executive period.

Received the notification and once executed, if the date of execution is
between the 1st and 15th of each month, both inclusive, the term to make the payment
voluntary will be until the 20th day of the following month or immediately after, and if

between the 16th and last day of each month, both inclusive, the payment term
It will be until the 5th of the second following month or immediately after.

In accordance with the provisions of article 50 of the LOPDGDD, this
Resolution will be made public once it has been notified to the interested parties.


Against this resolution, which puts an end to the administrative procedure in accordance with art. 48.6 of the
LOPDGDD, and in accordance with the provisions of article 123 of the LPACAP, the
Interested parties may optionally file an appeal for reconsideration before the
Director of the Spanish Agency for Data Protection within a month from

counting from the day following the notification of this resolution or directly
contentious-administrative appeal before the Contentious-Administrative Chamber of the
National Court, in accordance with the provisions of article 25 and section 5 of
the fourth additional provision of Law 29/1998, of July 13, regulating the
Contentious-administrative jurisdiction, within a period of two months from the
day following the notification of this act, as provided in article 46.1 of the

aforementioned Law.

Finally, it is pointed out that in accordance with the provisions of art. 90.3 a) of the LPACAP,
may provisionally suspend the firm resolution in administrative proceedings if the
The interested party expresses his intention to file a contentious-administrative appeal.

If this is the case, the interested party must formally communicate this fact by
writing addressed to the Spanish Agency for Data Protection, presenting it through
Electronic Register of the Agency [https://sedeagpd.gob.es/sede-electronica-
web/], or through any of the other registers provided for in art. 16.4 of the
aforementioned Law 39/2015, of October 1. You must also transfer to the Agency the

documentation proving the effective filing of the contentious appeal-
administrative. If the Agency was not aware of the filing of the appeal
contentious-administrative within a period of two months from the day following the
notification of this resolution would end the precautionary suspension.

C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es
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                                                                                                   938-231221
Sea Spain Marti

Director of the Spanish Data Protection Agency








































































C/ Jorge Juan, 6 www.aepd.es
28001 – Madrid sedeagpd.gob.es