IP - 07121-1/2020/195

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IP - 07121-1/2020/195
Authority: IP (Slovenia)
Jurisdiction: Slovenia
Relevant Law: Article 35 GDPR
Type: Advisory Opinion
Outcome: n/a
Decided: n/a
Published: 14. 02. 2020
Fine: n/a
Parties: n/a
National Case Number/Name: 07121-1/2020/195
European Case Law Identifier: n/a
Appeal: n/a
Original Language(s): Slovenian
Original Source: Informacijski pooblaščenec (in SI)
Initial Contributor: n/a

On 14 February the Informacijski pooblaščenec of the Republic of Slovenia (IP), provided a non-binding opinion pursuant to Article 58(3) GDPR. The IP pronounced itself on the use of drones.

English Summary

Content of the opinion

The question concerned whether the municipality could have a control on the recording of personal data by drones.

After having recalled that the use of drones is subject to the national Regulation in Slovenia, the IP pointed out that in July 2020 a new EU Regulation will apply. Then, the IP reminded that the drones' operators have to carry out a data protection impact assessment prior to the use of the drones, as provided in Article 35 GDPR. In addition, the IP clarified that the Civil Aviation Agency of the Republic of Slovenia is competent to supervise the compliance with other provisions governing drones such as licenses, training and other flying conditions. Furthermore, the IP outlined that the Police is also competent for the violations of public order.

Finally, the IP pointed out that the control of the use of drones is realistically possible mainly through breaches reporting.


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English Machine Translation of the Decision

The decision below is a machine translation of the ***LANGUAGE*** original. Please refer to the ***LANGUAGE*** original for more details.

Date: 02/14/2020
Title: Using drones
Number: 07121-1 / 2020/195
Subject matter: Modern technologies, Municipalities
Legal act: Opinion

The Information Commissioner (hereinafter: IP) has received your letter asking us for an opinion on the use of drones. As you explained, you wanted to get information from the municipality whether the municipality had a proper control of the shooting of the lake and its surroundings with drones. Filming is expected to expand widely this fall and winter. You have received from the inter-municipal police department only a clarification that the relevant area is governed by the Decree on Unmanned Aerial Systems (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, Nos. 52/16 and 81/16 - afterwards; http://www.pisrs.si/Pis.web/reviews ? id = URED7317 & 0.5806895639579236) and that the supervision is exercised by the Civil Aviation Agency of the Republic of Slovenia and the Information Commissioner (Article 19).

On the basis of the information you have provided, hereinafter referred to as Article 58 of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data and Directive 95/46 / EC (hereinafter: the General Decree), point 7 of the first paragraph of Article 49 of the Personal Data Protection Act (Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 94/07, officially consolidated text, hereinafter ZVOP-1), and 2 Article 43 of the Information Commissioner Act (Official Gazette RS, No. 113/05, hereinafter ZInfP), we provide our non-binding opinion on your question.

The use of drones in the Republic of Slovenia is regulated by the Regulation on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, but with 1.7.2020, a new EU regulation will begin to apply, which will set common rules in the field of drones and replace the current national legislation. Learn more at the link: https://www.caa.si/new-group-eu-addition.html

The new rules are also reflected in this presentation:


IP further clarifies that, with respect to the use of drones, it is competent (only) to monitor that the drones' operators have fulfilled their obligations to carry out an impact assessment on the protection of personal data and to the mere lawfulness of the collection of personal data in accordance with the provisions of the General Regulation. The Civil Aviation Agency of the Republic of Slovenia is competent to supervise in terms of flight safety and compliance with other provisions governing drones such as licenses, training and other flying conditions. Both authorities may exercise control over their respective competences on the basis of notifications received or ex officio.

In case of violation of the provisions of the law on public order and peace, the police are responsible for controlling the provisions of the Law on Public Order and Peace (ZJRM-1).

We believe that flying drones can be frustrating for other people at times, but control is realistically possible at most through reporting and when there are relatively clear indications that an operator is in violation of the law - flying drones as such is not prohibited but allowed under certain conditions.

The new European regulation, effective from 1.7.2020, will also make compulsory drones mandatory, which will also facilitate the control of their use, as well as the possibility to exclude certain geographic areas where drones are allowed or only allowed under drones. certain conditions. With regard to the latter, we would have more information at the line Ministry of Infrastructure or the Civil Aviation Agency of the Republic of Slovenia.

With respect,

Mojca Prelesnik, univ. dipl. right.,

Information Commissioner


Mag. Andrej Tomsic,
Deputy Information Commissioner